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BASIL Networks Blog BN'B | Wave Propagation and Antennas

7 Jan, 2021

Part-5 Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Electro-Chemical-Magnetic Biological Communications System

Part 5: Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Theory and Practice
More about Electro-Chemical, Electro-Magnetic Biological Communication Systems

"The teacher who is indeed wise does not bid you to enter the house of his wisdom but rather leads you to the threshold of your mind."- Kahil Gibran  (January 6, 1883 - April 10, 1931)

As a species we have accumulated vast amounts of knowledge, pieces of stimulus/response data of many different fields of study to continue our search for the true core understanding, only to add another piece to the vast knowledge base.  The advancement of technology as allowed the human mind to make new paths to accumulating knowledge yet still hides the true core understanding of its species electro-chemical communications mechanism.

Wave_Index Quick Links

Quick review to set the atmosphere for Part 5:
In parts 1-4 we covered Electro-Magnetic fields around us every day along with the basic chemistry and the experimental and scientific fact that these radiated EM fields effect molecular structure is so many different ways.  Also identified was the fact that the elements that make up human plasma that the body uses to sustain life are effected by various frequencies and resonate differently with varying radiated magnetic fields.

Here is a highlighted summary on what we presented in the previous parts 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Part 1- Introduction:
An overview of the to be presented, an overview of the timeframe of magnetic's and the several hundred years to be adopted,  the frequency allocation spectrum, resonance of matter, several links to review for reference used in this series.

Part 2- Electro-Mechanical Waves:
Some theory to explain relationships of energy, mass and radiation. Energy distribution concepts and the Electro-Magnetic Field discovery and empirical theory of its behavior, The Earths magnetic field radiation, How to measure the Earth's magnetic field at any point on the planet.

Part 3- Electro-Mechanical Waves & Chemistry:
The EM wave and chemical table of elements EM relationships.

Part 4- NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) and Electro-Chemical Relationships
An Introduction to EM waves and the Human body, chemical element resonance and spin.

Authors Note:
It has been about 5 months since the last blog, time sure does fly by.  The time was used to just close up the years end, design and  build some hardware,  write some software for the continuation of the blog series.  So with that said lets move forward.

Electromagnetic EM wave phenomenon  is the easiest subject to springboard off onto tangents while attempting to get to the root of the subject matter, only to be mentally exhausted and many times end in the same place started.   The objective of this series is to present EM wave phenomenon's interaction with other forces on this planet and the habitants therein.
"Enjoy the series - Sal Tuzzo

What we want to cover in Part 5:

This is worth repeating  - The amount of scattered information on the Internet is overwhelming for any subject matter such that one could get lost just looking at content and easily loose focus of the intent of their initial search.  The issue of an infinite information library is not only where to start and more important, what are the expected results one is searching to find.  We will on occasion place a reminder on the expectations of this blog series in order to stay focused, "Author included".  The expectations for this series are to understand "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation" effects of various EM waves on molecular structures and materials that enter the waves path such as the frequency resonance of propagated waves influence on biological entities with respect to the Earth's radiations system.

Since this is an educational blog the intent is to cover the "boring" foundations from the recorded beginning to where we stand present day on this "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation"   There are many physicists world wide discovering new applications as well as the home brew self educated innovators researching this "field" phenomenon which is still an experimental fact without an origin.

Lets Get Started
The interesting studies today easily interconnect various fields of discipline and technologies.  One of the frustrations that many technologists went through in the early years of the industrial revolution was the forced specialization to a small narrow field of a technology.  The colleges did not allow fields to cross disciplines without loosing many credits and charging for repeating of basics.  Many of us older (old folks,alt) experienced researchers came to realize that an alternative education direction, although non-credited offered a more effective way to learn and grow in our own interests and passions.

Although this series has some expectations of interfacing several fields, it is not expected to become experts in each field to continue the series. The focus in this series is at an electrical and chemical and molecular engineering interaction from generated electromagnetic fields, how these elements interact while forming unique molecules that may be formed in the human body.  Some unique instrumentation is being designed and developed to show how these interactions happen as the series continues.  The reference links include several medical study series on chemistry, anatomy and the CSF for those that want to pursue this knowledge further.  

Questions & Answers
Q.  Since Radio & Television have been around since the 1940's and we are all still here, why is this "radiation" so highly discussed?

A.  Yes, we are still here however, radiation sickness was not as well known in the early days as it is now.  Also the areas and frequency bands were very different in the early days.   If you look at some of the early illnesses from 1940 to 1980 you will see some similarities of radiation sickness that were probably attributed to other causes.  After 1980 the depth of radiation poisoning became well documented which is one of the reasons for this series.

Q.  The series states several times Tesla's Energy, Frequency and Vibration quote which mentions the 3,6,9 sequence, what does this mean in easy terms to understand.

A.  Wow, OK, in simple terms it is part of a numbers theory called Vortex Math.  For the base 10 number system 3, 6, and 9 are part of the vortex creation where the numbers 1-9 are placed in a circle and used to create the path of energy flow by doubling the numbers and adding them together until the number is reduced to a digit 1- 9.  You will find that 3 and 6 oscillate, hence 3+3 = 6, 6+6=12 and 1+2=3 etc.  9 will always = 9, hence: 9+9=18, 1+8=9 and so on.   OK, to move forward, the base 10 number system was the common system for many years so referencing 3,6 and 9 fits the era.  To be clear, Vortex computations are valid for any base number system and will hold true.  What the interesting issue of the meaning is the oscillations between 3 and 6 which questions what happens to the energy at the vortex as the frequency changes based on the number system and the implemented process used to create the vortex?   The energy is expected to expand at resonance according to the theory.  This will be presented as the series moves forward with the experiments using some of the instrumentation that is being developed in the lab.  There is more to this theory and how it is implemented, however for an overview this should put the question into perspective.

Closed Systems Characteristics Overview:
The study of Discrete Control System Theory is a career in itself and attempting to present the complex theory in an overview is impracticable, however ad simple overview of the characteristics is called for in order to relate this with the study being presented in this Blog.  A closed system is defined as a non-transferable of matter in or out of the system, simple right. However, as humans we have to complicate things a bit so the term Closed System is defined by the field of interest, Classical Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Quantum Physics, Chemistry and last but not least Engineering.  That is OK since these terms have been redefined over time and will probably be changing as us humans learn more about how we actually function.alt

In reality when we look at the human anatomy it has been defined at times in discussions with different fields of interest as a Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO)Closed System with respect to the organs and arterial blood flow throughout the body since it remains in the body unless you get punctured, that is, for it to flow out.  There exists a few on external transfer areas, the nose, mouth and membrane through skin that we supply a fuel source, food water, alcohol and other consumables that the system digests and converts to energy and when then excretes the excess byproduct after digestion.  OK, one of the challenges research technologists cope with is the interfacing of the different fields of interest since each field like, chemistry, medicine, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, electro-magnetic's have developed their own communications language that requires a translator to interface to provide a reference.

Understanding the interactions of a closed system is straight forward "if" there is only one path, a simple closed pipe filled with water,  Single-Input, Single-Output (SISO).  However, when there are many paths where the flow rate is controlled in both directions feeding many different functions the complexity grows exponentially; welcome to Human Anatomy-101, as we will see in this part of the series.  So, what is the stimulus and response with the human biology?  Simply put everything from food intake to some chemically imbalance caused buy many variables, which is what makes this blog challenging. A true MIMO closed system with an unpredictable number of catalysts to select from.

As with any closed loop system the balance and interaction of all the pathways and functionality depends on a system that is capable of maintaining a balance within itself, hence: a self balancing closed loop system, like the human biological system.  This implies that each functioning component or organ must not only function independently as well as a collaborative interconnected whole and still maintain an effective operational balance.  So, in order to maintain some direction to this complex interfacing issue between electro-chemical, electro-magnetic interaction the following engineering closed system terminology can be used  to help to clarify thee issues, which should be easily translated for each of the disciplinary fields of interest.  OK,  This is an operational overview and not a mathematics exercise and is intended to show the basic interaction of the different functions required to characterize a typical closed system.

Table 5.0 lists the control parameters that would be applied to a typical closed loop system, the actual payload or process being controlled would be applied to these parameters. This blog series is addressing the human anatomy and the influence EM and other radiated wave forms have on the internal system.  These payloads would be the Blood Flow, Blood Pressure of the flow, the control valves used to control the flow and the heart that controls the pressure of the flow and the organs and other parts of the human anatomy.

ClosedLoopSimple.jpg  
Typical Diagram of a
Closed Loop System

Name Description
Open Loop Gain The gain of the system function with out any feedback - maximum possible gain available
Gain Factor The ratio of the output Gain to the Input stimulus - G = Out/In
Response Time The amount of time it takes to respond to the stimulus to ripple through the system
Capture Range The effective range for a stimulus to be functionally effective within the systems Bandwidth
Lock In Range The Range that the Stimulus is considered effective and stable within the function limits
Bandwidth The Frequency or rate of change that the Stimulus and Function will operate effectively
Phase Range The Phase Shift of the Response to the Stimulus to Bandwidths rate of change
Feedback Factor The Direct effect of the Gain Factors Stability of the systems Output
Common Mode Rejection Ratio The ability to function over the full bandwidth of the system. One of the more important functions.
Operating Range The range the closed loop system will effectively function this covers all the above parameters

Table 5.0   Parameters Used to Characterize a Closed Loop System

To start lets look at the human body as a Closed loop System which it actually is, that receives and sends electro-chemical information as well as blood flow to other organs of the body continuously to maintain its life support functions.  The human anatomy Closed Loop System life support produces about 25 watts of energy in order to maintain its balance of a healthy system.  In the Closed Loop System engineering arena the term Capture Range, Feedback and Common Mode Rejection Ration are all interactive.

Function Module in this definition in the anatomy arena would refer to organs that are part of the Closed Loop System.  These functions being part of the Closed Loop System will influence each other in some way or another in order to maintain some type of system stability or balance not only for the function module but the entire Closed Loop System as well.  This makes root cause and effect a difficult process to identify and will expand exponentially as the number of variables within the Closed Loop System grows, hence: the number of possible electro-chemical molecular structures the system may create or combine is exponential. 

OK, wait a minute - what is happening here?  OK, lets look to the previous parts to get a clear perspective.  This blog is about Electro-Magnetic radiation, frequency and vibration amplitude, so looking at the frequency, energy level and propagation that human molecules are subjected to many different changes take place when this environment is activated.  The above table represents these changes and yes, it is in the electrical engineering field as well as the chemical and physics.  So, lets look at these terms graphically to see how they interact in a closed system environment.

In Part 3 we presented the Hydrogen Gas H2 to show the interaction of forces, taking that model and added a modulated waveform as a stimulus and the resultant is shown in Figure 5.0.  Keep in mind that the electro-magnetic waves we are discussing at this point are modulated and the carrier frequency is a fixed frequency.  Add to that the radiated wave(s) entering in the path, we see there are many additive forces to the gas molecule spinning at some frequency f as well, and that is only two single Hydrogen atoms.  Applying this to complex molecules the vibrations created within the structure become limitless and not practicable or possible to effectively model the reactions.

Now, add those molecular reactions to the human biological closed system with multiple different molecular structures, of which the human electro-chemical closed system makes every attempt to maintain a PH level within +/- .04 in order to maintain vital life support balances and we have the effects of radiation on the human anatomy; to top off the variations the differences in every human being of our species has makes the final effects different as well.  OK, hold the question of what frequencies can be helpful to aid the biological system for discussion later on in the series.

    Force A = Repelling   A ↔ B  Protons
    Force B = Attraction  A → B  Electron - Proton
    Force C = Attraction  B → A  Electron - Proton
    Force D = Repelling   A ↔ B  Electrons

Wave-In-Molecule-Out.jpgFigure 5.0  Wave In       Hydrogen Gas 2H          Resultant Frequencies

So, now that we crossed the field of interest from chemical to electrical lets look at the above parameter table to see how we may represent this model in the electrical world.   The following shows the human anatomy closed electro-chemical system of blood and the Central Nervous System interaction of the veins.  This will present a clearer view of how these parameters interact with the closed system.  In the radiated frequency world when we mix two frequencies ( F1 and F2 ) in an ideal world we get the two frequencies out F1, F2  as well as the sum of the two (F1+F2) as well as the difference  (F1-F2).  When we add modulation we get a multiple of frequencies modulated around the carrier frequency for Frequency Modulation (FM) and a multiple number of amplitudes for Amplitude Modulation (AM) as shown in Figure 5.0 above that is just added to the molecular frequencies created by the energy from the stimulus wave.   So as we read on about the Venous and Ventricular closed system of the human anatomy we should start to visualize the complexity of interfacing multiple disciplines all having their own meaning and language.

Setting Basics for the Series
Setting the atmosphere for this series is a challenge since it encompasses several disciplines of engineering technologies and encourages the relationships of these multiple disciplines.  However do not get discouraged, this series will as all of our series incorporates the OBD methodology Overview, Basics, Detailed to walk you through a new experience of an ever changing field of wireless communications.  

OK, lets set a basic foundation of Given Facts that this series will reference, also for those that are very new to wave phenomenon as to set a solid foundation to relate as we move on through the series Youtube has many tutorials at all levels to bring those new to the field up to speed easily.  "If you wish to understand the universe, think of energy, frequency and vibration." - Nikola Tesla.

From previous discussions we have shown that elements and molecules do have unique resonance frequencies with relation to the magnetic field they are place in.  We discussed the elements in the air that are inhaled by the human species that enable a stable PH level and balance the plasma that is pumped throughout the organs in the body.

The presentation for this part of the series is the central nervous system that sends / receives information to / from the brain through the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF).  There are several types of human fluids within the body and to make this a bit more focused at this time we will present them as we enter those areas.  The main thoughts or theme is to present molecular structures that may be created from the various elements that make up these fluids and why they just do not go off on and make up different structures that may be toxic or harmful to the body they reside in a healthy ("normal) environment.

Blood Plasma Venus System Review:
OK, we are not going  to test you on this for a medical license, it is purely a research overview to reference in more detail as so desires.  So, from knowledge transferred over the years by many researchers and doctors there are five types of blood vessels that make up the bloods circulatory (venous) system of the human body  

Blood vessels function as a transportation highway for blood.  The question is where does it start, pass through, end and start over if it is a circulatory system?  Lets start with the Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) where we breath in air "into" the body.  The ABG mechanism does something to the blood supply when it reaches the lungs.  An oxidation process takes place and the blood is saturated with oxygen about 95-100% as it passes through the very small vessels of the lungs where it becomes oxygen saturated, (Part-4 ABG and PH) and enters the arteries and proceeds to the heart to be pumped through the circulatory system.

As the blood travels through the system it also combines with other molecules, being proteins to supply the organs and glands of the human body.  As the blood flows through the glands and organs it passed to smaller veins and stats it journey back to the heart.   The waste in the blood is transported through the digestive system and extracted from the veins and excreted and the remaining blood is returned to the heart to join the oxidation process to complete the closed loop.

Figure 5.1 Shows a cross section of the human circulatory system.  Consider that there are many of these "Off Ramps" and "On Ramps" the blood flows through just like a typical highway one way ramps sections and all.  We will get to the Central Nervous System and how it effects the blood flow.

IMAGE_BloodVessels_Small.jpgFigure 5.1   The Human Body Blood Vessel Circulatory System Cross Section
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blood_vessels_(retouched)_-en.svg

So, in the venous system the veins or vessels are the return mechanism towards the heart and are the blood plasma that has been "deoxygenated" from the associated organs tissues, the pulmonary and umbilical vixen carry the "oxygenated" blood to the heart.  OK, Figure 5.1 below does not have the umbilical vixen, it is a male anatomy so you will not find it. Cool

Figure 5.1 shows the payload (blood flow) that is being controlled in the closed system, there are several sensors and valves that are part of the control mechanism of the blood flow that transport various payloads throughout the system.

Arteries carry blood away from the heart and feed the associated glands are larger and more muscular than veins which are also smaller than arteries and generally closer to skin tissue and interestingly they act as "valves" in most, similar to a check valve to prevent back flow of the deoxygenated blood plasma to control avoiding mixing the good new oxygenated blood with the organ waste deoxygenated blood that will be processed, filtered by the system.   More links and other references may be found at the end of this part in the Reference Links, for those that want to get more details on this research. Figure 5.2 shows the complexity of the arterial closed loop system

alt   

 

  alt
  Graphics Created by BodyParts3D/Anatomography

Figure 5.2   The Veins in the Human Body
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vein

The Brain and the Ventricular (cavity) System:
The next section of the human anatomy system we will be discussing here is known as the Ventricular (cavity) System that contains the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). The CSF along with the Central Nervous System (CNS) are the main communications network connections to the Brain or the human information highway, the brain being the central core processor and memory cache that controls both conscience and autonomic functions of the body from the information the CNS (Central Nervous System) transfers.  The core understanding of the human brain is still a controversial field of interest and we will not go off on a tangent but, will present some stimulus/response facts for our overview.  

The autonomic system sort of implies that there is no need for the brain to interfere, however this is not totally the case.   For those that re on the technical side, a typical peripheral design from the IoT Core Platform Project Blog shows that information can be gathered from the real world into memory without the aid of the CPU.  This is true but the peripheral and memory allocation for later processing has to be initialized in order for the Direct Memory Access (DMA) to function.  Hence the autonomic system is initially setup so if you touch a real hot item the autonomic system will contract the muscle and hopefully pull you away from the hot item.  If you leave it on there the brain will take over and pull you away from the hot item.  The system does have limitations as well and we will cover them as the series continues and how molecules play a role in the process.

Many years ago it was thought that the brain is separated into to many functions to control each physical and autonomic function to the body.  However, over the years by the early 70's a new term was created to explain the brains enhanced capability called "plasticity".  Plasticity is the brains ability to redirect synaptic information around a damaged part of the brain in order to complete the desired function, similar to a bypass when a highway requires maintenance.  Sometimes the brain repairs itself and may return to normal and if not will continue to use the bypass.

Today many believe that the brain functions are a complex synaptic combination of pieces of information that contributes to the bodies selected function as required to complete the desired configuration.   The movement of the hand or arm consists of various combinations of synaptic electro-chemical pieces of information from several parts of the brain that travel through the Cerebrospinal Fluid to the Central Nervous Systems selected nerve on the spinal column that is connected to specific nerves that control the hand or arm as well as a return path to sense the movement and return the information back to the brain through the CSF.  We will  return to this later in the series in our presentation on radiation, magnetism, resonance molecules and recombination which is the purpose of this series.

Today we have the technology that allows us to collect data digitally, analyze the various chemical elements and molecules that make up the biological structures as well as the cerebrospinal fluid.  With Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) instrumentation we are able to see how this fluid travels through the brain.  Magnetic Resonance Imaging was introduced in the early 70's as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Imaging, ring a bell?  Later it was changed to just MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) for simplicity and to remove the word nuclear.  The concern of people thinking they would end up glowing at night and growing other bodily members.  Figure 5.3 below shows the spinal cord connected to the Central Nervous System.  Reference:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ventricular_system

IMAGE_SpinalCord_Small.jpgFigure 5.3   The Spinal Cord Central Nervous System
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_cord

From several medical class notes on the Internet it shows that the cerebrospinal fluid has an intense direct effect on how the CNS (Central Nervous System) controls the motor functions of the human body as well as being the main communications mechanism for the autonomic functions that maintain the body's stability.  The autonomic system accepted practice today are those functions that do not require a conscience feedback mechanism, however the key word here is conscience.  The sub-conscience parts are those "autonomic" functions that the brain is required to send receive information from the CNS in order to control and regulate life support functions, for instance the PH of the blood that is maintained to +/- 0.04 PH,  the flow rate, the filtration, the regeneration of the CSF to name a couple if not regulated with precision relates to several severe illnesses such as Multiple Sclerosis, numbness and swelling and compression as well as physical injury issues.

Below is a MRI(Magnetic Resonance Imaging) of the CSF flow with the level of technology available today showing the CSF Ventricular system and the CSF distribution levels throughout the system.  The frequencies used in the MRI vary from 30 MHz to 300MHz and are only applied for milliseconds (1/1000th of a second) for each frequency.

Human Ventricular system colored and animated.gif
Figure 5.4 Rotating 3D rendering of
the Ventricular Connections

 

alt

Figure 5.5 Location of the
Ventricular System CSF

Distribution of CSF From Top to Bottom:
Blue - Lateral ventricles (25-30ml)
Cyan-Interventricular foramina(Monro)
Yellow - Third ventricle (2-3 ml)
Red - Cerebral aqueduct (Sylvius)
Purple - fourth ventricle (2-3 ml)
Green-continuous with the central canal

(Aperture to subarachnoid space are not visible)

Cerebrospinal Fluid Filtration Basics
The advantage of today's technology and NMR and other analysis tools mentioned previously we are able to separate some of the elements and molecules that exists in the CSF.  We will look at these elements as the series moves forward.  As stated earlier there is an intense amount of understanding to digest if you want to pursue this field separate from the electro-chemical and EM radiation side, however this overview is a good start to continue.  

The CSF is a clear fluid that obviously derived from the filtering of the arterial blood flow system that originates around the "brain" in order to be transferred to the spinal cord. The spinal column is part of the CNS (Central Nervous System) which is an electro-chemical communication network leading us to the main purpose of this series and radiation.  The effects of Electro-Magnetic to Electro-Chemical interaction and this thing called resonance.

Basic Elements of CSF:
Performing a Spinal Tap with today's technology allows us to analyze the Cerebrospinal Fluid in aiding to a better understanding  of the fluids composition as shown in Table 5.1 below.

Chemical Level
Elements of the CSF  
Sodium 136.0 - 150.0 m Eq/L
Potassium 2.3 - 2.7 m Eq/L
Magnesium 2.4 - 3.0 m Eq/L
Calcium 2.1 - 2.7 m Eq/dL
Phosphorus (inorganic) 1.0 - 2.0 mg/dL
   
Molecules of the CSF Level
Proteins 2-4 mg/dL (normally diffuses across blood-brain barrier)
Glucose 45.0 - 60.0 mg/dL
Cholesterol present in small amounts
Creatinine 0.5 - 1.2 mg/dL
Lactic acid DeHyrdogenase (LDH) present in small amounts
Urea 6.0 - 16.0 mg/dL
Uric acid 0.5 - 3.0 mg/dL

Table 5.1   The CSF Elements and Molecules

One of the molecules that differs that from the whole blood plasma is the concentration level of protein in the CSF.  So the blood is filtered to insure the proper concentrations of elements and molecules before it is transferred to the spinal cord. The CSF flows through the spinal cord connecting the Central Nervous System that transfers information to the control center then floes back out of the spinal cord into arterial blood system for reprocessing.  The closed system is self balancing through a unique complex electro-chemical process that is still a learning process to understand.

Central Nervous System (CNS) an Electro-Chemical System
In the process of all this the direct communications with the Central Nervous System (CNS) to the brain for additional processing to maintain the life functions of the body.  Some of the autonomic functions are brain controlled such as breathing, heart beat, PH levels and a few others.   Now it has been demonstrated by several martial art forms that the brain may slow the heart beat and the blood flow through the human body simply by controlling the breathing cycle of which all humans are capable of doing with a little bit of instruction from those that know how.  The special gift of intelligent human beings, the gift of sharing and teaching.

The human body is capable of many different molecules from the basic elements within its chemical system including some of the most powerful acids known, such as Hydrocloric Acid (HCl).  HCl is part of the stomach Gastric acids that digests food and has a PH 1 to 2 and is capable of burning through the skin with ease.  This stomach lining is protected from this by layers that create balanced PH levels to reduce the acidity and stop it from eating through the linings or layers that would have sever effects on the system.  Other creations are various proteins from both the digestion and oxidation of the blood processes that feed the various organs in the body.

The CNS is a very sensitive closed loop system that is directly responsible for all physical and life support interaction to maintain a stable operation.  The main communications link to this mechanism is the "Medulla Oblongata"  that communicates the electro-chemical information from the brain to the CSF and the various functions of the anatomy.   The CNS has a several unknown origins for debilitating diseases associated with the nervous system such as ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) since the Brain, CSF, CNS are all closely interconnected to form the closed loop system the molecular electro-chemical interaction becomes extremely difficult if not impossible to isolate root cause and effect even with today's current technology.  One of the electro-chemical functions that has been related by stimulus and effect is the rRNA to protein bonding interaction as well as the chambers in the Ventricular system that filter the blood to create the CSF since proteins play an important roll in maintaining stability in the closed loop flow of the biological system.  Brain Stem Audio/Visual Evoked Response (BSAVER) instrumentation has played a roll in testing the muscular response of the nerve paths to add to the research over the past 20 plus years.

Magnetic Resonance of CSF Elements
The Arterial blood as we talked about is filtered to create the CSF required to sustain the Central Nervous System electro-chemical communications network flow.  Some unique discussions always arise with the last sentence, such as the type of memory storage network used to remember and what type of instruction set is used to determine how the system retrieves memory data to implement a motor response for a random or controlled stimulus?  How does the closed loop system know how to create molecular structures that fit uniquely to the systems DNA, rRNA coding to be effective for the unique system?  These and other are recorder in our controversial notes for future discussions after the series.

On the NMR side of the CSF we separated the elements from the molecules since the elements have NMR data.  The rRNA (ribosomal RNA is of interest since they are of interests to proteins in the human chemical warehouse and are easily bonded with up to a few hundred different type of proteins.  Proteins consists of linear polymers usually build from the 20 different L-Q amino acids know today. Amino acids are grouped as Hydrogen Atom (H), a Carboxl Group (-COOH), a Amino Group (-NH)  and a Variable Group of the known 20 amino acids which determines the uniqueness of the bonds.  The sequence of the amino acids in the chemical chain determines the protein's structure.  The basic elements in the CSF are given in Table 5.2 with their NMR characteristics.

Images/CSF_Elements.jpg
Table 5.2   The CSF Elements

The Magnet Resonance Frequency of the molecules will vary depending on several parameters and become difficult to standardize since anything linked to or transferred from will change the structure and change the resonance frequency.  This will be an interesting research discussion when we get into the actual molecular resonance of these structures.  To study more about proteins and rRNA, two of the links are listed as follows,   http://apchute.com/dehydrat/dehydrat.html  and  http://www.cryst.bbk.ac.uk/PPS95/course/3_geometry/index.html   and   https://www.thoughtco.com/proteins-373564

SUMMARY
The extremely brief introduction of the human anatomy and the energy producing electro-chemical closed system which presents some of the complexities of the chemical and physical interactions of the human system opens many more questions than answers emphasizes the importance of communication and the interface methodology of the human system, as for that any closed active system.   Presenting an overview on complex closed systems is always a challenge.  Identifying the operation constraints are always a challenge, especially for closed loop systems with many functional parts.  For the automotive industry today there are over a dozen micro controllers that handle many of the functions independently then send just a pass/fail signal to the main controller.  IT appears the human anatomy has only one central controller, the brain, or it appears that way since the total understanding of the CFS and CNS are still being analyzed and open for discussion.

To research the interface characteristics of the human chemical system to electro-chemical and electro-magnetic waves and frequencies to help bring it to its full balance potential opens new avenues to existing and future technology to increase the human life span allowing the accumulation of a deeper understanding of how we exists and function.

Closed Loop System Characterization Summary:
Closed Loop Systems as we stated is a career in itself.  With just the non-technical overview of the current knowledge of the human anatomy it is easy to see the complexity.  Adding the uncertainty of chemical reactions that are available to a closed system that is capable of creating molecules, recombining molecules as well as "anti-bodies" that will destroy if possible intruders that try to take over the balanced system for any function of the closed system just shows the complexity.  Below is a summary of the parameters used to characterize a closed loop system with some reference to the human anatomy closed system.  As we stated this is only the parameters considered to control the blood flow in the human anatomy closed system.  

To clarify some of the control parameters to the human anatomy we look at Figure 5.1 The Human Blood Vessel System shows the blood flows in the artery and out through the vein.  The common mode rejection ration would be the ability of the system to discern the difference of the quality of the blood from the artery to the vein since they flow in with "good blood" and return with blood for reprocessing.  At some point there is a filtration action and the system discerns what to keep and return to the system and what to excrete.  The ability to discern and continue to add filtered blood back to the system is what will effect the other parameters that are instrumental in balancing the full system.

In chemistry there are radicals that are instrumental in forming molecules in the human system.  These radicals are known to be there however when the attempt to measure or isolate them they change form and may react differently when added to other chemicals in a controlled lab environment.  There have been some headway in identifying radicals since the 1970's with the advancement of IR, ESR (Electron Spin Resonance) similar to NMR that also spins the sample, however the stimulus is focused on the spin and not the atomic nuclei.  ESR is useful for studying radicals in organic chemistry which have a short lifetime and influence the stability of the system similar to a short impulse of tap to a mechanical system.  This sill be presented as the series moves forward.  

The next part of the series is to understand the electro-chemical interaction of the elements and molecules within this closed system and the fact that they interact with the control parameters to stablize the life support mechanism within the entire network of connections.  In the Closed Loop Engineering arena the term Capture Range, Feedback and Common Mode Rejection Ration are al interactive.  

Those that have lost the cerebrospinal fluid from spinal cord injury have lost all motor functionality generally from the neck down.  Even after the break has been sealed the fluid is not replaced by the brain as it is in a functioning spinal cord.  This is interesting to note for future reference.  A question to research for a later discussion, once the spinal fluid is lost from a traumatic spinal cord injury and all the motor functions are halted, what would be required for the body to regenerate this CSF if the spinal cord is resealed and the break is repaired ?  Is the CNS capable of restoring the connection to the Spinal Cord.

Some questions to add to the discussion folder for later are:  How does our memory system really function?  Is the brains pathways a memory system or a controller directing information flow?  Just how large is our memory storage capability and where is it located?  There are many more questions than answers in this series at this time frame being just an introduction and simple overview.

A lot has been stated throughout the Internet that there are healing frequencies that if we subject the body to the body will heal itself.  Earlier we discussed body organs each having a separate resonance frequency that is also different for every living being on the planet.  There are both healing or life support frequencies for every living creature on this planet and well as the vegetation just as there are destructive frequencies.  There are radiation waves, audio wave both are capable of producing unique resonance frequencies that will have influence on the human body.  These will be presented as the series moves forward with some simple experiments as well.

As the series progresses the author, Sal Tuzzo will be available for discussion through the BASIL Networks Contact Form for those that want to apply this series to conduct their own research.  The Author is always be appreciative for the private comments sent through the contact form for suggestions and advice during the development of this series.


Wave_Index Quick Links


Reference:
The books in these references are my Northeastern University college of engineering text books except for the Ultra-High-Frequency Techniques, that was a gift from a colleague.

Ultra - High - Frequency Techniques (1942  D. Van Nostrand Company)
    J.G. Brainerd,  Professor EE Univ. of Pennsylvania
    Glenn Koehler, Assistant Prof. EE Univ Wisconsin 
    Herbert J. Reigh,  Prof. EE Univ. Illinois
    L.F. Woodruff, Assoc Prof. EE  MIT Massachusetts

Wave Propagation and Antennas (1958 Library of Congress: 58-9431) by George B. Welch Professor of Physics Northeastern University and Professor Hollis S. Baird whom I have had the honor of being one of his students.
Basic Microwaves (1966 Library of Congress: 65-16814) Bernard Berkowitz
Physics (1966 -ISBN: 0 471 71715 0) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part I
Physics (1960 -Library of Congress: 62-15336) ) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part II
Fundamentals of Physics  Revised Printing (1974 ISBN 0471-34431-1) Robert Resnic and David Halliday
Signals in Linear Circuits (1974 ISBN 0-395-16971-2) Jose B. Cruz and M.E. Van Vlakenburg

Wikipedia - On-Line Knowledge Center

Medical / Chemistry Internet References:
Dehydration Synthesis: http://apchute.com/dehydrat/dehydrat.html  
Protein Geometry http://www.cryst.bbk.ac.uk/PPS95/course/3_geometry/index.html  
Proteins and Components https://www.thoughtco.com/proteins-373564
Electro-Chemistry https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrochemistry
Electro-Chemistry Basics https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Analytical_Chemistry/Supplemental_Modules_(Analytical_Chemistry)/Electrochemistry/Basics_of_Electrochemistry


Publishing this series on a website or reprinting is authorized by displaying the following, including the hyperlink to BASIL Networks, PLLC either at the beginning or end of each part.
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[Sal_TUzzo]

Sal (JT) Tuzzo - Founder CEO/CTO BASIL Networks, PLLC.
Sal may be contacted directly through this sites Contact Form or
through LinkedIn

28 Aug, 2020

Part-4 Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Human Body Electro-Chemistry

Part 4: Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Theory and Practice
Some Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Basics and  Electro-Chemistry Relationships

"A few observations and much reasoning lead to error; many observations and a little reasoning lead to truth." - Alexis Carrel (June 28, 1873,  November 5, 1944 )

Wave_Index Quick Links

Updated - November 17, 2020

Quick review to set the atmosphere for Part 4:
In Part-1,2 &3 we discussed the wavelength with respect to frequency and referenced to the speed of light, Lambda=f/cwhich always raise the questions why the speed of light and in that case what is the speed of light?  To start the speed of light is a reference that has been observed in a created vacuum of the time it takes a laser beam to travel one second referenced to a 1 meter distance.  The actual derived number for the speed of light is 2.99792458 108  meters/second.  OK does that number hold true in space?  Again another controversy added to the table.  For the time being if we make this a constant, we will have the ability to change it to a variable later.  We will use this to discuss the Electromagnetic (EM) radiation phenomenon being propagated to better understand some of the parameters that determine distance the EM wave travels before it dissipates in to a non measurable entity with the instrumentation we currently have available to the public.  To repeat the foundations we are using to explain these radiation phenomenon are based on observations of which the core root has yet to be defined with any verification other than the fact of a stimulus/response experiment an a set of mathematical representation of the experiment within the boundaries of the atmosphere it resides.

Also presented was the frequency allocated spectrum that is compartmentalized into groups of frequencies call bands like the FM Radio BAND of 88MHz-108 MHz have been created over the years until it was realized that a standard band allocation has to be created to maintain some form of communications for growth.  So now we have a mechanism to relate the wavelength to frequency and band.  Any frequency may be represented with an associated wavelength in meters, however a band has to have a width assigned to it as the FM radio band.  The FM band falls inside the VHF band (10m to 1m)  and the actual FM band is (c/88MHz to c/108MHz) meters = 3.44 meters to 2.77 meters.

Also discussed is the Inverse-Square Law of radiant energy from a source (GM) as defined by Equation 1.0 below.  As we see the radiant energy is reduced by the Inverse-Square of the distance from the source.

alt alt  Equation 1.0 Intensity at surface of sphere at Radius R

In Part-2 we presented the Earth's magnetic field theory that is widely accepted is created from the Earth's rotation around a tilted axis of 23.5º of just short of 24 hours.  Looking at the earth as a floating cement mixer around the sun, the core is constantly mixing the molten core that mixes dissimilar materials that easily create an electrical charge and from the observations of Coulombs law that creates an electromagnetic field.  Since all matter including this matter called life forms are surrounded by this oscillating magnetic field it would appear that there would be some type of influence on all matter as well.   The issues being addressed in this series is to be able to actually measure it and to be able to analyse the true effects of this radiant energy to the life forms on the planet.

Part 3 shows that EM fields without doubt have an effect on the molecular structure and are easily interfered with that will change their magnetic balance.  What we want to cover in this series is that unique effect of  radiated energy and the effect it has on not just our environment but every living cell on the planet.  This will take a few part to cover with scientific validity.  What is interesting is there is no information or reports on the long term effect of these radiated energies and the illnesses they may cause to the human body as well as the planets magnetic fields.  

We also addressed the Electromagnetic (EM) field and the proton in its idle or natural state with a torque represented as Tp = μ altSinalt as well as what happens when the proton is presented with an external magnetic field and what it takes to return to its natural state.  This concept we will be addressing in more detail that will raise many questions to both professional and beginner.  The NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) methodology is placing an induced oscillating magnetic field orthogonal to the steady state magnetic field and monitoring the energy being absorbed.  This peaks out when the nuclei is at resonance with its spin and is absorbed by the steady state field.  

Authors Note:
Electromagnetic EM wave phenomenon  is the easiest subject to springboard off on a tangent while attempting to get to the root of the subject matter, only to be mentally exhausted and many times end in the same place started.  As the series moves forward we will represent EM waves mathematically only to the pint it becomes applicable to our intent of the series.  Some analysis will require linear algebra, analytical geometry and integral calculus to represent the wave phenomenon.   The objective of this series is to present EM wave phenomenon's interaction with other forces on this planet and the habitants therein.  The place that was selected to start is the planet Earth since our very existence resides on this planet Earth so what better place to start.  Understanding what has been an "experimental" exercise for the past couple of thousand years on our magnetic fields and Earth's magnetic radiation fields only tells us that we need to dig deeper.
Enjoy the series - Sal Tuzzo

What we want to cover in Part 4:

The continuation of Part-3 with the frequency, magnetic field strength element and molecular interaction.

The different EM fields and the variation of resonance frequency from the Larmor Frequency theory.

This is where we analyze the basics of EM wave interaction and how frequency and EM field strength interact to give a clear view of how this interacts with the molecules.  

Create a table of Isotopes, the magnetic moments, several magnetic field strengths and the associated magnetic resonant frequencies for each element.

This is worth repeating as well - The amount of scattered information on the Internet is overwhelming for any subject matter such that one could get lost just looking at content and easily loose focus on the intent of their initial search.  The issue of a infinite information library is not only where to start and more important, what is the expected results one is searching to find.  We will on occasion place a reminder on the expectations of this blog series in order to stay focused, "Author included".  The expectations for this series are to understand "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation", the effects of radiated EM waves on materials in the waves path, frequency resonance of propagated waves influence on biological entities with respect to the Earth's radiations system.

Since this is an educational blog the intent is to cover the "boring" foundations from the recorded beginning to where we stand present day on this "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation"   There are many physicists world wide discovering new applications as well as the home brew self educated innovators researching this "field" phenomenon which is still an experimental fact without an origin.

Lets Get Started

Questions & Answers
It only took a few days for the questions to come in from Part-1.  Some of the questions are a bit out of the sequence that we want to present, so we will try and keep this from running off to deep space and follow the learning progression to be able to connect all the dots.  All questions will be answered as we enter the sections they pertain to.  At this time we are still in the basic settings for the series.  

Q.  Is this blog sponsored by any company, manufacture or private investor?
A.  The answer is No this blog is not sponsored by any company, manufacturer or private investor.  When this Blog was started there were a couple that wanted to sponsor us, however because of the nature of the material it was decided that scientific facts that are easily vetted and researched to prove their validity is the main educational function of this blog.  This fact became more important than being directed on what may or may not be printed.   

Q.  How does BASIL Networks handle privacy in their contracts?
A.  What contracts? - OK, depending on the security required there are no contracts, as for standard NDA's all information defaults to a proprietary keep private level until written authorization is submitted by the authorities of the information, otherwise there is no information.  BASIL Networks, follows all government DOD documentation guidelines and encrypted.

Remaining  questions For this part we will be held off for the following preventions.

Setting The Atmosphere for Part 4 of the Series
Setting the atmosphere for each part of this series is a challenge since it encompasses several disciplines of engineering technologies and encourages linking the interactions of these multiple disciplines.  Every part of this series brings us closer to a full picture of just how important a balance of energy is to our longevity as a species as well as the atmospheric bubble we reside in.  As we stated earlier in the series the Earth is like a big cement mixer generating magnetic fields around the planet as its core is constantly mixed as the Earth rotates.  Multiple frequencies are generated and combined creating a fundamental resonant frequency from all the combined energies.  

One of the more difficult aspects of research engineering is being able to separate the parameters and variables to form a solid analysis.  Understanding the variables for complex entities is one area many approaches fail mainly due to the fact that many of the parameters are isolated from the initial setup and the stimulus/response is now only for a unique set of conditions.  When dealing with the human life system there are many parameters  and variables as there are elements in the periodic table which all have the ability to combined with many different stimuli and have very different multiple responses on the human biological system.  All of these parameters and variables must be taken into consideration when presenting stimulus / response of EM fields and their effects.  As with all research the temptation of narrowing down the stimulus / response to obtain a given result creates the opportunity of creating tomorrows problems.

For this series the decision was made to research this Wave phenomenon from the ground up, presenting an overview of the basics of the fields required to present a core of the interaction of the variables and the parameters involved prior to setting up any real experiments for discussion.  This will without doubt take several parts to complete and it is recommended that the readers do some research on their own with the references available in each part to validate the information presented and get more comfortable with critical thinking in order to insure there will always be questions to ask and answers to be researched.  Answers to research comes from more observations than from discussions, therefore rely on the researchers that have experimental factual data.  Education is not a task it is an adventure into the unknown to understand that the dimensions of the mind are endless only to ones visions.   "If you wish to understand the universe, think of energy, frequency and vibration." - Nikola Tesla.

Some System Engineering Basics: Capture Range
A fair statement for the planet Earth we reside on for our species is :"All matter has some type of "constraint" applied to it".  Ok, that is quite a statement so lets look at this for some solid examples to test the statement.  Since we are discussing chemistry, radiation and magnetic fields, lets look at the human body since we all have one.alt

To start with some basic scientific and engineering concepts; all systems have what is called a capture range, that is the range that a given system has defined effective limits of operation for a given efficiency.  The human body internal functions have several capture ranges and appear to be isolated in many ways, however in reality are all part of the same system and information is transferred to/from the individual sections.  The human body as a closed system has external sensors to relate environmental surrounding, Sight, Smell, Hearing, Touch and taste are the basic five sensors that connect to a central nervous system and control center, the brain.  These chemical sensors are not much different in operation than their similar silicon sensors used today connected to some type of central processor which is still at the basic artificial level of intelligence.  The main difference from AI (Artificial Intelligence) to Human Intelligence not just the fact that one is chemical and the other is silicon, is the AI machine will only perform what it is parts allow it to do as the gears in a clock cannot change the clock mechanism or the way it controls time.  The human system is flexible and has many options to change the way the system performs functions.  Another capture range example is the human body's Ph (acid level) which is maintained at 7.4 +/- 0.04 and is a chemical process that is addressed in this part.  The remaining sensors that separate human from machine are spirit and will which drives the foundation of intuition, emotions and effects the chemistry of the biological stability and efficiency.

OK, the internal organs of the human body also serve a purpose for the stability of the human system's balance in order to function efficiently within the designed capture range of each organ.  The capture ranges of the human system external sensors to name a couple: Human sight is limited to the visible spectrum (430 THz to 790 THz (700nm to 400nm) ), touch is both pressure and temperature limited, the average body temperature is 37°C 98.6°F and it has a very small capture range (+/-2°F) before the body chemistry effects the other sensors.  Depending on the location on earth we will either freeze or slow bake and eventually cease to function  if the environmental temperature range (4°C (39°F) to about 40°C(104°G) where the body requires higher energy for its internal temperature control mechanism to maintain its internal temperature capture range to function at some level of efficiency.  OK, factors that slow the thermal equilibrium process for humans are layered clothes as a thermal barrier, however as with all mass thermal equilibrium is inevitable as time passes.  

Human will and spirit drive Intellect to find a safer environment to reduce the amount of energy expanded.   The human body takes into consideration several parameters that obtain information for the five main sensors, these are:  Physical body heat: hot and cold and exposed to water,  If the body temperature reaches 107, it is generally fatal. if the body temperature is forced to go below 90 from being in cold water (35°F) for more than 30 minutes or less can also be fatal.  The human body requires both liquid and solid food consumption to maintain stability and that is just the basic environmental  part of the human system.  The above paragraph is part of the standard and extreme field training survival course for those that want to know more about it.

As we see capture ranges apply to all systems including our Internet of Things Core Platform we are developing as well be it mechanical, silicon or life forms.  So what does this all mean?  Conceptually if we are able to identify and model the limits of a system we will be able to understand what our environmental limits have to be in order to maintain efficient stable safe functionality.

Human Body Isotopes
Resonance Frequency Effects
Resonance is a entity that we will be addressing in all aspects of this series as well as the IoT Core Platform series.  All matter and waves that reside in a closed system encompasses resonance at some point as it continues to reside in the closed system.  In our Earths environment as it rotates on its axis tilted 23.5° the core is in a continuous mixing state creating multiple electrical charges along with its associated Electromagnetic fields, all mixing together, some canceling each other out some adding to create a larger field while others just passing through with an end result of multiple field oscillations with different vibration amplitudes generating different energy levels all around us.

As we states earlier the human body is a remarkable design regardless of one's belief structure.  From our previous presentations by definition of the mass and position, every organ in the body has its own fundamental resonance frequency, being of a different physical size and molecular makeup as well as performing unique functions to assist in the effective stability of the closed system.  What makes this so remarkable is the chemistry of the human biological makeup of which we are just beginning to understand some of the basics of how it may work, that being said we will keep this to the fundamentals we know exists by experimental fact and the theorems that explain them in this basic overview.

If we look at the human system from an engineering point of view we get a functional block diagram of sensors and thermal regulators with some type of distribution system as shown in Figure 4.0 below.  The human body is an Electro-Chemical system that is self regulating that maintains on average 25 watts of power for a normal system.  For our research the power also has a magnetic field(s) associated with it that is measurable with today's technology.

  alt
Figure 4.0 Functional Block Diagram Of The Human Body Closed Loop Venous System

The diagram referenced to Wikipedia shows the elements percentages that are present in the human body.  These are the elements that we will be referencing throughout this series and their magnetic resonance frequencies at various electromagnetic field radiation levels and their effects at various frequencies and so on.   To get a feel for the basics of body chemistry Table 4.0 below shows a few of the elements from the periodic table of elements that are found in the human body as well as many of the other life forms on this planet. Since we are compiling a set of stimulus / responses of molecules we have not combined any of the separate elements to form complex molecular structures in the body at this time.  This separated list of elements is to be comfortable understanding the variety of individual elements in the human body and that they actually do combined via the body's chemical processes to form various complex structures that found in the bloods plasma which as we stated is the transport highway to all the organs and other system elements to sustain a stable efficient system that operates within the capture range it has been designed to operate.

alt
Table 4.0  Selected Known Elements In The Human Body

There are two measurements for these elements, the Percent of Mass and the percent of Atomic levels that make up the human system.  Considering that all the atomic elements within the human biological system all have the capability of combining under different types of stimulus shows a very basic level of the complexity of the system and how it is capable of stabilizing or destroying itself pending on the combination of elements.

There are several more elements that have been researched within the human body that keep it functioning efficiently within the capture range of the biological system.  Our intent here is to address the EM (Electromagnetic) radiation that already exists in the human system that is required to maintain the 25 watt average energy level that the system seems to always exists 24/7.

So, from the last part we understand that the elements protons are effected by magnetic forces and we have listed a few of the main elements found in the human system.  The green are those elements that have greater or equal to 0.1% and the amber are those of less than 0.1%.  There are many more than shown in table 4.0 that we will use to present the concepts of magnetic effect.  From the continuation of  Part 3 NMR reference of Periodic Table of Elements along with the addition of the human body and AIR composition the ExelFileExcel  spreadsheet is available for downloading for reference throughout the remaining of this series.

The full list with several magnetic fields in an ExcslFileExcel spreadsheet form and is a very large format list that includes all but a few of the Periodic Table of Elements and a separate spreadsheet for just the known elements within the human body.

EM Fields Disruption of Molecules
Ok, for those that stated the obvious in part 2, what are you covering the Earths magnetic field in chemistry?  The connection will become clear as we discuss radiant magnetic energy that actually move molecules and the protons that are influenced by these magnetic waves.  There are many contributions to the balance of life energy, OK, this is not a meditation session, however all are related, maybe later in the series when we get through the basics.  Since we have expressed in the previous part that magnetic fields and protons are directly related and hold some type of charge for each element in the periodic table presents the complexity of the magnitude that various combinations of the elements and the possible unique molecules that are possible to formed.

Even though chemistry falls under a process to combined elements, it is not as exact as good old boolean logic or computer algorithm laws of stimulus and response of ones and zeros or on/off logic.  In chemistry especially within the human body there are many more variables that have the ability to alter the desired result both short and long term.  Adding to that phenomenon the fact that we still have yet to detail the core of magnetism and the EM wave; our theory to define this wave phenomenon is a simple stimulus and response with some mathematical representation of the experiment and only in the earths atmosphere along with a constant fudge factor to make it all work.  Hence; our classical physics models which we will still apply to the phenomenon to show some relative magnitudes of radiation and frequencies that will effect the body chemistry, that is until they are completely conflicting with classical physics, at which point we will add them to the list of controversies to create another experimental set of mathematical expressions.

AIR: The Atmosphere of Earth Composition
OK, This is not a hot air series Cool , however "AIR"  does play a roll in our presentation since Wireless Communications is applied radiated energy to transfer information.  We breath this AIR 24/7 since it is a fundamental catalyst that sustains life on this planet and life would cease to exist for our species without it inside Earth's atmospheric bubble.  

What is interesting about the atmosphere is not only that EM fields are carried by the air they also tend to have an effect on the rate and distance the EM wave travels defined by the Inverse-Square Law effect presented in Parts 1 & 2.  So, when we study these gasses we see that they all have a Magnetic Susceptibility factor which is the amount of magnetic energy M (Magnetic Moment) that will become part of the element when exposed to a given magnetic field H.   This just adds to the presentation of NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) we presented in previous parts of this series.

IMAGE_AirElements
Table 4.1  Composition of Gasses in the Atmosphere of Earth (AIR)

How The Body Processes Air to Maintain Its Ph Balance
As we stated before the radiated ElectroMagnetic fields effects just seems to be connected to every part of our life support system, not just from the Earth's EM fields but also all the radiated energy from all the antennas around the planet and the various frequencies and power levels that our species are subject to continually.  

Some Definitions- A quick refresh from previous parts.:

OK, for the Ph relationship to actual electric potential volts to Ph will show just how complex the body functions to stabilize itself from the "AIR" intake.  Ph is defined from the Nernst Equation reaction equation and is represented as:

Lets move forward with the chemistry basics of the series and cover how the body processes this AIR and how the processes results reaches every organ in our system.  The mechanism of processing the AIR in the human body is a bit complex as to how and especially what it supplies to all the organs in the human body, however it is well known at this time that the body's Ph is so tightly controlled to insure that all the organs are referenced to a base level.  The beginning of complexity of this research paper on the effects of radiation at the element and isotope level so lets attempt to keep that in mind.  Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) is a field of study within itself as most specialized disciplines are, so if you are interested to learn more about this process the links Arterial Blood-Gas (ABG) and Henderson-Hasselbalch analysis, Pulmonary Circulation would be a good places to start.

ABG (Arterial Blood-Gas) analysis is the ratio of the Blood Ph and the Blood Gas Concentration which is the main function of the respiration system process.   As the blood circulates through the lungs it is passes through a fine network of very small blood vessels at the base of each lung.  These vessels are surrounded by many small sacs containing air, AKA Alveoli separated from the blood vessels by a membrane where the oxygen and carbon dioxide may diffuse.  The Oxygen diffuses into the blood from the membrane which then is carried in the veins to the various organs and systems control functions where it is consumed as fuel for the metabolic processes.  The acidity of the blood, the Blood Ph, and the concentration of Oxygen and Carbon dioxide dissolved for normal system operation levels are maintained within very narrow limits.

So, what makes the process difficult to predict what these magnetic effects will have of different metabolic systems is that fact that everyone has a unique DNA/RNA that make up the blood as a whole and in the vent of respiratory contaminations the process is disrupted and the blood gas levels are distorted.  That is only the beginning, other blood reproduction processes that match the DNA and other antigens (plasma) perfectly are then added as fresh blood and plasma to the veins.  If the process is disrupted in any way the results of that disruption may vary many different ways making the resultant effect difficult at least to predict.  How each metabolism and organ will respond to disruptions is one of the studies for this paper.

Most of the Carbon Dioxide in the blood is transported as bicarbonate (HCO3) which is in for form of Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) as part of the Blood Plasma along with Potassium Bicarbonate (KHCO3) in the red cells.  This process is combined with proteins and some is reversed with the plasma water content to form Carbonic Acid  (H2CO3).

(Carbon Dioxide + Water) = Image_CarbonicAcid = (Carbonic Acid)

The normal ABG to Ph level and the ratio of ABG to Carbon Dioxide is referenced to a Ph capture range of  7.36 to  7.44.  The bloods acid balance is maintained by the ratio of Bicarbonate acid (Base) and the Carbonic Acid (Acid ), hence: Ph = pK + Log [Bicarbonate] / [Carbonic Acid].  This is known as the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation.  pK  represents a constant of 6.1 for normal blood based on p Group five types P1, P2, Pk1, Pk2 and p antigens and the dissociation of carbonic acid into its ionic compounds by analysis.  Since Acids give off Positive charged Hydrogen ions and the Bicarbonate carries a negative charge the balance of these two combined determines the Ph of the Blood.  There are other parameters such as the atmosphere pressure and the temperature and the Oxygen levels of the blood which are factored in during the preparation of the sample for testing.

This is a brief introduction to the subject of Acid/Base metabolism and Blood Gas regulation for the purpose of investigating the magnetic effects of a system with multiple elements in a biological system since these contributing gasses and molecules are subject to magnetic effects.  We will address this later in the series, for now we are just getting an overview of the basics to show that there is an ElectroMagnetic influence of all body functions.

Resonant Frequency And Human Organs
OK, this is not a refresher on Anatomy 101, however it does contribute to the series since we are researching the effects of EM radiated energy on the human body.  At the time of this writing there are 78 defined organs in the human body and depending who is defining what an organ really is, there are several more added to the list which is fine since we are researching the chemical isotopes in the body and their interaction to radiated energy and pressure vibrations.  The parameters we are interested in for this series is how many functions each organ performs in the human body, the biological size, weight of its construction, the chemical isotopes contribution to its functioning and what parts of the blood plasma feed these organs through the venous blood.  That is a lot to present and does require a bit of study to put this all in perspective.

There is much to learn about the organs of the body as research continues to uncover new information about the human body.  There are several research groups globally researching many of these subjects.  Our studies here will be on the root of the molecules that make up many of the organs and the known vetted facts about each organs composition and its response to various EM radiation as well as VLF (Very Low Frequency) pressure waves.   To give a small reference we look at the brain, the larger of all the organs as well as the one that contains the most fat tissue.

The four Brain Wave frequencies that have been vetted over time as well as creating a business market for devices that incorporate these frequencies to assist the user to mentally control the state of their nervous system.  It is no magic that these waves fall inside the Earths fundamental frequencies and by resonance theory alone should have some type of  effect on the human system. For those that have not connected the various planet Earth's frequencioes they are in the range below as well.  There are other higher frequencies that effect other molecules in the human body and we will be presenting those as the series progresses.

SUMMARY
So just from the basic introduction we see that the resonance of the elements and the molecules they create within the human body is quite complex especially balancing all the organs the blood supplies to them with every breath.  The main reason this project needs to give a simple overview first before we dive into the complexity of multiple disciplines to continue the series.  By this time we should have an idea that the human metabolism is not only a chemical system but also reacts to both electrical and magnetic stimuli or in that fact any resonant vibrations that will connect with the elements that are found with its system.  The series in order to stay focused of its object selected organs from the most influential to the least that are known at this time in the human system will be researched for their responses to EM radiated fields and the frequency bands in question.

For convenience the spreadsheet contains several sheets for this series for reference including NMR Tables for Periodic Table of Elements, Human Body Elements, AIR Composition as we move forward.

As the series progresses the author, Sal Tuzzo will be available for discussion through the BASIL Networks Contact Form for those that want to apply this series to conduct their own experiments, "NOT INCLUDING HUMAN LIVE EXPERIMENTS".

The Author is always appreciative for the private comments sent through the contact form for suggestions and advice during the development of this series.  This is a growing opportunity for everyone entering into RF product development arena as well as a great review for us "well seasoned" in the field to just refresh our human DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory).

It is recommended for those that have specific questions on the series to use the BASIL Networks Contact Form to separate them from getting lost in the general comments for each blog presentation.  For all specific design request or contracts please feel free to contact us.

Part 5 will continue with this discussion on the elements in the human body presenting the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), the connection to the brain and the elements within the spinal fluid and more.


Wave_Index Quick Links


Reference:

What is Blood Gas Analysis

alt NMR-HumanBodyElements-MagneticField_FrequenctResonance-Table.xlsx  NMR Tables for Periodic Table of Elements, Human Body Elements, AIR Composition

Blood Gas Analysis  - Clinical Programmed Measurements Course - Authors Class Notes 1974

 

The books in these references are my Northeastern University college of engineering text books except for the Ultra-High-Frequency Techniques, that was a gift from a colleague.

Ultra - High - Frequency Techniques (1942  D. Van Nostrand Company)
    J.G. Brainerd,  Professor EE Univ. of Pennsylvania
    Glenn Koehler, Assistant Prof. EE Univ Wisconsin 
    Herbert J. Reigh,  Prof. EE Univ. Illinois
    L.F. Woodruff, Assoc Prof. EE  MIT Massachusetts

Wave Propagation and Antennas (1958 Library of Congress: 58-9431) by George B. Welch Professor of Physics Northeastern University and Professor Hollis S. Baird whom I have had the honor of being one of his students.
Basic Microwaves (1966 Library of Congress: 65-16814) Bernard Berkowitz
Physics (1966 -ISBN: 0 471 71715 0) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part I
Physics (1960 -Library of Congress: 62-15336) ) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part II
Fundamentals of Physics  Revised Printing (1974 ISBN 0471-34431-1) Robert Resnic and David Halliday
Signals in Linear Circuits (1974 ISBN 0-395-16971-2) Jose B. Cruz and M.E. Van Vlakenburg

Wikipedia - On-Line Knowledge Center


Publishing this series on a website or reprinting is authorized by displaying the following, including the hyperlink to BASIL Networks, PLLC either at the beginning or end of each part.
BASIL Networks, PLLC - Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation Part-4 Electromagnetic Radiation - Human Body Electro-Chemistry Relationships - More basics for the series: (August 29, 2020)

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[Sal_TUzzo]

Sal (JT) Tuzzo - Founder CEO/CTO BASIL Networks, PLLC.
Sal may be contacted directly through this sites Contact Form or
through LinkedIn


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