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BASIL Networks Blog BN'B | January 2021

7 Jan, 2021

Part-5 Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Electro-Chemical-Magnetic Biological Communications System

Part 5: Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Theory and Practice
More about Electro-Chemical, Electro-Magnetic Biological Communication Systems

"The teacher who is indeed wise does not bid you to enter the house of his wisdom but rather leads you to the threshold of your mind."- Kahil Gibran  (January 6, 1883 - April 10, 1931)

As a species we have accumulated vast amounts of knowledge, pieces of stimulus/response data of many different fields of study to continue our search for the true core understanding, only to add another piece to the vast knowledge base.  The advancement of technology as allowed the human mind to make new paths to accumulating knowledge yet still hides the true core understanding of its species electro-chemical communications mechanism.

Wave_Index Quick Links

Quick review to set the atmosphere for Part 5:
In parts 1-4 we covered Electro-Magnetic fields around us every day along with the basic chemistry and the experimental and scientific fact that these radiated EM fields effect molecular structure is so many different ways.  Also identified was the fact that the elements that make up human plasma that the body uses to sustain life are effected by various frequencies and resonate differently with varying radiated magnetic fields.

Here is a highlighted summary on what we presented in the previous parts 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Part 1- Introduction:
An overview of the to be presented, an overview of the timeframe of magnetic's and the several hundred years to be adopted,  the frequency allocation spectrum, resonance of matter, several links to review for reference used in this series.

Part 2- Electro-Mechanical Waves:
Some theory to explain relationships of energy, mass and radiation. Energy distribution concepts and the Electro-Magnetic Field discovery and empirical theory of its behavior, The Earths magnetic field radiation, How to measure the Earth's magnetic field at any point on the planet.

Part 3- Electro-Mechanical Waves & Chemistry:
The EM wave and chemical table of elements EM relationships.

Part 4- NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) and Electro-Chemical Relationships
An Introduction to EM waves and the Human body, chemical element resonance and spin.

Authors Note:
It has been about 5 months since the last blog, time sure does fly by.  The time was used to just close up the years end, design and  build some hardware,  write some software for the continuation of the blog series.  So with that said lets move forward.

Electromagnetic EM wave phenomenon  is the easiest subject to springboard off onto tangents while attempting to get to the root of the subject matter, only to be mentally exhausted and many times end in the same place started.   The objective of this series is to present EM wave phenomenon's interaction with other forces on this planet and the habitants therein.
"Enjoy the series - Sal Tuzzo

What we want to cover in Part 5:

This is worth repeating  - The amount of scattered information on the Internet is overwhelming for any subject matter such that one could get lost just looking at content and easily loose focus of the intent of their initial search.  The issue of an infinite information library is not only where to start and more important, what are the expected results one is searching to find.  We will on occasion place a reminder on the expectations of this blog series in order to stay focused, "Author included".  The expectations for this series are to understand "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation" effects of various EM waves on molecular structures and materials that enter the waves path such as the frequency resonance of propagated waves influence on biological entities with respect to the Earth's radiations system.

Since this is an educational blog the intent is to cover the "boring" foundations from the recorded beginning to where we stand present day on this "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation"   There are many physicists world wide discovering new applications as well as the home brew self educated innovators researching this "field" phenomenon which is still an experimental fact without an origin.

Lets Get Started
The interesting studies today easily interconnect various fields of discipline and technologies.  One of the frustrations that many technologists went through in the early years of the industrial revolution was the forced specialization to a small narrow field of a technology.  The colleges did not allow fields to cross disciplines without loosing many credits and charging for repeating of basics.  Many of us older (old folks,alt) experienced researchers came to realize that an alternative education direction, although non-credited offered a more effective way to learn and grow in our own interests and passions.

Although this series has some expectations of interfacing several fields, it is not expected to become experts in each field to continue the series. The focus in this series is at an electrical and chemical and molecular engineering interaction from generated electromagnetic fields, how these elements interact while forming unique molecules that may be formed in the human body.  Some unique instrumentation is being designed and developed to show how these interactions happen as the series continues.  The reference links include several medical study series on chemistry, anatomy and the CSF for those that want to pursue this knowledge further.  

Questions & Answers
Q.  Since Radio & Television have been around since the 1940's and we are all still here, why is this "radiation" so highly discussed?

A.  Yes, we are still here however, radiation sickness was not as well known in the early days as it is now.  Also the areas and frequency bands were very different in the early days.   If you look at some of the early illnesses from 1940 to 1980 you will see some similarities of radiation sickness that were probably attributed to other causes.  After 1980 the depth of radiation poisoning became well documented which is one of the reasons for this series.

Q.  The series states several times Tesla's Energy, Frequency and Vibration quote which mentions the 3,6,9 sequence, what does this mean in easy terms to understand.

A.  Wow, OK, in simple terms it is part of a numbers theory called Vortex Math.  For the base 10 number system 3, 6, and 9 are part of the vortex creation where the numbers 1-9 are placed in a circle and used to create the path of energy flow by doubling the numbers and adding them together until the number is reduced to a digit 1- 9.  You will find that 3 and 6 oscillate, hence 3+3 = 6, 6+6=12 and 1+2=3 etc.  9 will always = 9, hence: 9+9=18, 1+8=9 and so on.   OK, to move forward, the base 10 number system was the common system for many years so referencing 3,6 and 9 fits the era.  To be clear, Vortex computations are valid for any base number system and will hold true.  What the interesting issue of the meaning is the oscillations between 3 and 6 which questions what happens to the energy at the vortex as the frequency changes based on the number system and the implemented process used to create the vortex?   The energy is expected to expand at resonance according to the theory.  This will be presented as the series moves forward with the experiments using some of the instrumentation that is being developed in the lab.  There is more to this theory and how it is implemented, however for an overview this should put the question into perspective.

Closed Systems Characteristics Overview:
The study of Discrete Control System Theory is a career in itself and attempting to present the complex theory in an overview is impracticable, however ad simple overview of the characteristics is called for in order to relate this with the study being presented in this Blog.  A closed system is defined as a non-transferable of matter in or out of the system, simple right. However, as humans we have to complicate things a bit so the term Closed System is defined by the field of interest, Classical Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Quantum Physics, Chemistry and last but not least Engineering.  That is OK since these terms have been redefined over time and will probably be changing as us humans learn more about how we actually function.alt

In reality when we look at the human anatomy it has been defined at times in discussions with different fields of interest as a Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO)Closed System with respect to the organs and arterial blood flow throughout the body since it remains in the body unless you get punctured, that is, for it to flow out.  There exists a few on external transfer areas, the nose, mouth and membrane through skin that we supply a fuel source, food water, alcohol and other consumables that the system digests and converts to energy and when then excretes the excess byproduct after digestion.  OK, one of the challenges research technologists cope with is the interfacing of the different fields of interest since each field like, chemistry, medicine, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, electro-magnetic's have developed their own communications language that requires a translator to interface to provide a reference.

Understanding the interactions of a closed system is straight forward "if" there is only one path, a simple closed pipe filled with water,  Single-Input, Single-Output (SISO).  However, when there are many paths where the flow rate is controlled in both directions feeding many different functions the complexity grows exponentially; welcome to Human Anatomy-101, as we will see in this part of the series.  So, what is the stimulus and response with the human biology?  Simply put everything from food intake to some chemically imbalance caused buy many variables, which is what makes this blog challenging. A true MIMO closed system with an unpredictable number of catalysts to select from.

As with any closed loop system the balance and interaction of all the pathways and functionality depends on a system that is capable of maintaining a balance within itself, hence: a self balancing closed loop system, like the human biological system.  This implies that each functioning component or organ must not only function independently as well as a collaborative interconnected whole and still maintain an effective operational balance.  So, in order to maintain some direction to this complex interfacing issue between electro-chemical, electro-magnetic interaction the following engineering closed system terminology can be used  to help to clarify thee issues, which should be easily translated for each of the disciplinary fields of interest.  OK,  This is an operational overview and not a mathematics exercise and is intended to show the basic interaction of the different functions required to characterize a typical closed system.

Table 5.0 lists the control parameters that would be applied to a typical closed loop system, the actual payload or process being controlled would be applied to these parameters. This blog series is addressing the human anatomy and the influence EM and other radiated wave forms have on the internal system.  These payloads would be the Blood Flow, Blood Pressure of the flow, the control valves used to control the flow and the heart that controls the pressure of the flow and the organs and other parts of the human anatomy.

Typical Diagram of a
Closed Loop System

Name Description
Open Loop Gain The gain of the system function with out any feedback - maximum possible gain available
Gain Factor The ratio of the output Gain to the Input stimulus - G = Out/In
Response Time The amount of time it takes to respond to the stimulus to ripple through the system
Capture Range The effective range for a stimulus to be functionally effective within the systems Bandwidth
Lock In Range The Range that the Stimulus is considered effective and stable within the function limits
Bandwidth The Frequency or rate of change that the Stimulus and Function will operate effectively
Phase Range The Phase Shift of the Response to the Stimulus to Bandwidths rate of change
Feedback Factor The Direct effect of the Gain Factors Stability of the systems Output
Common Mode Rejection Ratio The ability to function over the full bandwidth of the system. One of the more important functions.
Operating Range The range the closed loop system will effectively function this covers all the above parameters

Table 5.0   Parameters Used to Characterize a Closed Loop System

To start lets look at the human body as a Closed loop System which it actually is, that receives and sends electro-chemical information as well as blood flow to other organs of the body continuously to maintain its life support functions.  The human anatomy Closed Loop System life support produces about 25 watts of energy in order to maintain its balance of a healthy system.  In the Closed Loop System engineering arena the term Capture Range, Feedback and Common Mode Rejection Ration are all interactive.

Function Module in this definition in the anatomy arena would refer to organs that are part of the Closed Loop System.  These functions being part of the Closed Loop System will influence each other in some way or another in order to maintain some type of system stability or balance not only for the function module but the entire Closed Loop System as well.  This makes root cause and effect a difficult process to identify and will expand exponentially as the number of variables within the Closed Loop System grows, hence: the number of possible electro-chemical molecular structures the system may create or combine is exponential. 

OK, wait a minute - what is happening here?  OK, lets look to the previous parts to get a clear perspective.  This blog is about Electro-Magnetic radiation, frequency and vibration amplitude, so looking at the frequency, energy level and propagation that human molecules are subjected to many different changes take place when this environment is activated.  The above table represents these changes and yes, it is in the electrical engineering field as well as the chemical and physics.  So, lets look at these terms graphically to see how they interact in a closed system environment.

In Part 3 we presented the Hydrogen Gas H2 to show the interaction of forces, taking that model and added a modulated waveform as a stimulus and the resultant is shown in Figure 5.0.  Keep in mind that the electro-magnetic waves we are discussing at this point are modulated and the carrier frequency is a fixed frequency.  Add to that the radiated wave(s) entering in the path, we see there are many additive forces to the gas molecule spinning at some frequency f as well, and that is only two single Hydrogen atoms.  Applying this to complex molecules the vibrations created within the structure become limitless and not practicable or possible to effectively model the reactions.

Now, add those molecular reactions to the human biological closed system with multiple different molecular structures, of which the human electro-chemical closed system makes every attempt to maintain a PH level within +/- .04 in order to maintain vital life support balances and we have the effects of radiation on the human anatomy; to top off the variations the differences in every human being of our species has makes the final effects different as well.  OK, hold the question of what frequencies can be helpful to aid the biological system for discussion later on in the series.

    Force A = Repelling   A ↔ B  Protons
    Force B = Attraction  A → B  Electron - Proton
    Force C = Attraction  B → A  Electron - Proton
    Force D = Repelling   A ↔ B  Electrons

Wave-In-Molecule-Out.jpgFigure 5.0  Wave In       Hydrogen Gas 2H          Resultant Frequencies

So, now that we crossed the field of interest from chemical to electrical lets look at the above parameter table to see how we may represent this model in the electrical world.   The following shows the human anatomy closed electro-chemical system of blood and the Central Nervous System interaction of the veins.  This will present a clearer view of how these parameters interact with the closed system.  In the radiated frequency world when we mix two frequencies ( F1 and F2 ) in an ideal world we get the two frequencies out F1, F2  as well as the sum of the two (F1+F2) as well as the difference  (F1-F2).  When we add modulation we get a multiple of frequencies modulated around the carrier frequency for Frequency Modulation (FM) and a multiple number of amplitudes for Amplitude Modulation (AM) as shown in Figure 5.0 above that is just added to the molecular frequencies created by the energy from the stimulus wave.   So as we read on about the Venous and Ventricular closed system of the human anatomy we should start to visualize the complexity of interfacing multiple disciplines all having their own meaning and language.

Setting Basics for the Series
Setting the atmosphere for this series is a challenge since it encompasses several disciplines of engineering technologies and encourages the relationships of these multiple disciplines.  However do not get discouraged, this series will as all of our series incorporates the OBD methodology Overview, Basics, Detailed to walk you through a new experience of an ever changing field of wireless communications.  

OK, lets set a basic foundation of Given Facts that this series will reference, also for those that are very new to wave phenomenon as to set a solid foundation to relate as we move on through the series Youtube has many tutorials at all levels to bring those new to the field up to speed easily.  "If you wish to understand the universe, think of energy, frequency and vibration." - Nikola Tesla.

From previous discussions we have shown that elements and molecules do have unique resonance frequencies with relation to the magnetic field they are place in.  We discussed the elements in the air that are inhaled by the human species that enable a stable PH level and balance the plasma that is pumped throughout the organs in the body.

The presentation for this part of the series is the central nervous system that sends / receives information to / from the brain through the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF).  There are several types of human fluids within the body and to make this a bit more focused at this time we will present them as we enter those areas.  The main thoughts or theme is to present molecular structures that may be created from the various elements that make up these fluids and why they just do not go off on and make up different structures that may be toxic or harmful to the body they reside in a healthy ("normal) environment.

Blood Plasma Venus System Review:
OK, we are not going  to test you on this for a medical license, it is purely a research overview to reference in more detail as so desires.  So, from knowledge transferred over the years by many researchers and doctors there are five types of blood vessels that make up the bloods circulatory (venous) system of the human body  

Blood vessels function as a transportation highway for blood.  The question is where does it start, pass through, end and start over if it is a circulatory system?  Lets start with the Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) where we breath in air "into" the body.  The ABG mechanism does something to the blood supply when it reaches the lungs.  An oxidation process takes place and the blood is saturated with oxygen about 95-100% as it passes through the very small vessels of the lungs where it becomes oxygen saturated, (Part-4 ABG and PH) and enters the arteries and proceeds to the heart to be pumped through the circulatory system.

As the blood travels through the system it also combines with other molecules, being proteins to supply the organs and glands of the human body.  As the blood flows through the glands and organs it passed to smaller veins and stats it journey back to the heart.   The waste in the blood is transported through the digestive system and extracted from the veins and excreted and the remaining blood is returned to the heart to join the oxidation process to complete the closed loop.

Figure 5.1 Shows a cross section of the human circulatory system.  Consider that there are many of these "Off Ramps" and "On Ramps" the blood flows through just like a typical highway one way ramps sections and all.  We will get to the Central Nervous System and how it effects the blood flow.

IMAGE_BloodVessels_Small.jpgFigure 5.1   The Human Body Blood Vessel Circulatory System Cross Section

So, in the venous system the veins or vessels are the return mechanism towards the heart and are the blood plasma that has been "deoxygenated" from the associated organs tissues, the pulmonary and umbilical vixen carry the "oxygenated" blood to the heart.  OK, Figure 5.1 below does not have the umbilical vixen, it is a male anatomy so you will not find it. Cool

Figure 5.1 shows the payload (blood flow) that is being controlled in the closed system, there are several sensors and valves that are part of the control mechanism of the blood flow that transport various payloads throughout the system.

Arteries carry blood away from the heart and feed the associated glands are larger and more muscular than veins which are also smaller than arteries and generally closer to skin tissue and interestingly they act as "valves" in most, similar to a check valve to prevent back flow of the deoxygenated blood plasma to control avoiding mixing the good new oxygenated blood with the organ waste deoxygenated blood that will be processed, filtered by the system.   More links and other references may be found at the end of this part in the Reference Links, for those that want to get more details on this research. Figure 5.2 shows the complexity of the arterial closed loop system



  Graphics Created by BodyParts3D/Anatomography

Figure 5.2   The Veins in the Human Body

The Brain and the Ventricular (cavity) System:
The next section of the human anatomy system we will be discussing here is known as the Ventricular (cavity) System that contains the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). The CSF along with the Central Nervous System (CNS) are the main communications network connections to the Brain or the human information highway, the brain being the central core processor and memory cache that controls both conscience and autonomic functions of the body from the information the CNS (Central Nervous System) transfers.  The core understanding of the human brain is still a controversial field of interest and we will not go off on a tangent but, will present some stimulus/response facts for our overview.  

The autonomic system sort of implies that there is no need for the brain to interfere, however this is not totally the case.   For those that re on the technical side, a typical peripheral design from the IoT Core Platform Project Blog shows that information can be gathered from the real world into memory without the aid of the CPU.  This is true but the peripheral and memory allocation for later processing has to be initialized in order for the Direct Memory Access (DMA) to function.  Hence the autonomic system is initially setup so if you touch a real hot item the autonomic system will contract the muscle and hopefully pull you away from the hot item.  If you leave it on there the brain will take over and pull you away from the hot item.  The system does have limitations as well and we will cover them as the series continues and how molecules play a role in the process.

Many years ago it was thought that the brain is separated into to many functions to control each physical and autonomic function to the body.  However, over the years by the early 70's a new term was created to explain the brains enhanced capability called "plasticity".  Plasticity is the brains ability to redirect synaptic information around a damaged part of the brain in order to complete the desired function, similar to a bypass when a highway requires maintenance.  Sometimes the brain repairs itself and may return to normal and if not will continue to use the bypass.

Today many believe that the brain functions are a complex synaptic combination of pieces of information that contributes to the bodies selected function as required to complete the desired configuration.   The movement of the hand or arm consists of various combinations of synaptic electro-chemical pieces of information from several parts of the brain that travel through the Cerebrospinal Fluid to the Central Nervous Systems selected nerve on the spinal column that is connected to specific nerves that control the hand or arm as well as a return path to sense the movement and return the information back to the brain through the CSF.  We will  return to this later in the series in our presentation on radiation, magnetism, resonance molecules and recombination which is the purpose of this series.

Today we have the technology that allows us to collect data digitally, analyze the various chemical elements and molecules that make up the biological structures as well as the cerebrospinal fluid.  With Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) instrumentation we are able to see how this fluid travels through the brain.  Magnetic Resonance Imaging was introduced in the early 70's as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Imaging, ring a bell?  Later it was changed to just MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) for simplicity and to remove the word nuclear.  The concern of people thinking they would end up glowing at night and growing other bodily members.  Figure 5.3 below shows the spinal cord connected to the Central Nervous System.  Reference:

IMAGE_SpinalCord_Small.jpgFigure 5.3   The Spinal Cord Central Nervous System

From several medical class notes on the Internet it shows that the cerebrospinal fluid has an intense direct effect on how the CNS (Central Nervous System) controls the motor functions of the human body as well as being the main communications mechanism for the autonomic functions that maintain the body's stability.  The autonomic system accepted practice today are those functions that do not require a conscience feedback mechanism, however the key word here is conscience.  The sub-conscience parts are those "autonomic" functions that the brain is required to send receive information from the CNS in order to control and regulate life support functions, for instance the PH of the blood that is maintained to +/- 0.04 PH,  the flow rate, the filtration, the regeneration of the CSF to name a couple if not regulated with precision relates to several severe illnesses such as Multiple Sclerosis, numbness and swelling and compression as well as physical injury issues.

Below is a MRI(Magnetic Resonance Imaging) of the CSF flow with the level of technology available today showing the CSF Ventricular system and the CSF distribution levels throughout the system.  The frequencies used in the MRI vary from 30 MHz to 300MHz and are only applied for milliseconds (1/1000th of a second) for each frequency.

Human Ventricular system colored and animated.gif
Figure 5.4 Rotating 3D rendering of
the Ventricular Connections



Figure 5.5 Location of the
Ventricular System CSF

Distribution of CSF From Top to Bottom:
Blue - Lateral ventricles (25-30ml)
Cyan-Interventricular foramina(Monro)
Yellow - Third ventricle (2-3 ml)
Red - Cerebral aqueduct (Sylvius)
Purple - fourth ventricle (2-3 ml)
Green-continuous with the central canal

(Aperture to subarachnoid space are not visible)

Cerebrospinal Fluid Filtration Basics
The advantage of today's technology and NMR and other analysis tools mentioned previously we are able to separate some of the elements and molecules that exists in the CSF.  We will look at these elements as the series moves forward.  As stated earlier there is an intense amount of understanding to digest if you want to pursue this field separate from the electro-chemical and EM radiation side, however this overview is a good start to continue.  

The CSF is a clear fluid that obviously derived from the filtering of the arterial blood flow system that originates around the "brain" in order to be transferred to the spinal cord. The spinal column is part of the CNS (Central Nervous System) which is an electro-chemical communication network leading us to the main purpose of this series and radiation.  The effects of Electro-Magnetic to Electro-Chemical interaction and this thing called resonance.

Basic Elements of CSF:
Performing a Spinal Tap with today's technology allows us to analyze the Cerebrospinal Fluid in aiding to a better understanding  of the fluids composition as shown in Table 5.1 below.

Chemical Level
Elements of the CSF  
Sodium 136.0 - 150.0 m Eq/L
Potassium 2.3 - 2.7 m Eq/L
Magnesium 2.4 - 3.0 m Eq/L
Calcium 2.1 - 2.7 m Eq/dL
Phosphorus (inorganic) 1.0 - 2.0 mg/dL
Molecules of the CSF Level
Proteins 2-4 mg/dL (normally diffuses across blood-brain barrier)
Glucose 45.0 - 60.0 mg/dL
Cholesterol present in small amounts
Creatinine 0.5 - 1.2 mg/dL
Lactic acid DeHyrdogenase (LDH) present in small amounts
Urea 6.0 - 16.0 mg/dL
Uric acid 0.5 - 3.0 mg/dL

Table 5.1   The CSF Elements and Molecules

One of the molecules that differs that from the whole blood plasma is the concentration level of protein in the CSF.  So the blood is filtered to insure the proper concentrations of elements and molecules before it is transferred to the spinal cord. The CSF flows through the spinal cord connecting the Central Nervous System that transfers information to the control center then floes back out of the spinal cord into arterial blood system for reprocessing.  The closed system is self balancing through a unique complex electro-chemical process that is still a learning process to understand.

Central Nervous System (CNS) an Electro-Chemical System
In the process of all this the direct communications with the Central Nervous System (CNS) to the brain for additional processing to maintain the life functions of the body.  Some of the autonomic functions are brain controlled such as breathing, heart beat, PH levels and a few others.   Now it has been demonstrated by several martial art forms that the brain may slow the heart beat and the blood flow through the human body simply by controlling the breathing cycle of which all humans are capable of doing with a little bit of instruction from those that know how.  The special gift of intelligent human beings, the gift of sharing and teaching.

The human body is capable of many different molecules from the basic elements within its chemical system including some of the most powerful acids known, such as Hydrocloric Acid (HCl).  HCl is part of the stomach Gastric acids that digests food and has a PH 1 to 2 and is capable of burning through the skin with ease.  This stomach lining is protected from this by layers that create balanced PH levels to reduce the acidity and stop it from eating through the linings or layers that would have sever effects on the system.  Other creations are various proteins from both the digestion and oxidation of the blood processes that feed the various organs in the body.

The CNS is a very sensitive closed loop system that is directly responsible for all physical and life support interaction to maintain a stable operation.  The main communications link to this mechanism is the "Medulla Oblongata"  that communicates the electro-chemical information from the brain to the CSF and the various functions of the anatomy.   The CNS has a several unknown origins for debilitating diseases associated with the nervous system such as ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) since the Brain, CSF, CNS are all closely interconnected to form the closed loop system the molecular electro-chemical interaction becomes extremely difficult if not impossible to isolate root cause and effect even with today's current technology.  One of the electro-chemical functions that has been related by stimulus and effect is the rRNA to protein bonding interaction as well as the chambers in the Ventricular system that filter the blood to create the CSF since proteins play an important roll in maintaining stability in the closed loop flow of the biological system.  Brain Stem Audio/Visual Evoked Response (BSAVER) instrumentation has played a roll in testing the muscular response of the nerve paths to add to the research over the past 20 plus years.

Magnetic Resonance of CSF Elements
The Arterial blood as we talked about is filtered to create the CSF required to sustain the Central Nervous System electro-chemical communications network flow.  Some unique discussions always arise with the last sentence, such as the type of memory storage network used to remember and what type of instruction set is used to determine how the system retrieves memory data to implement a motor response for a random or controlled stimulus?  How does the closed loop system know how to create molecular structures that fit uniquely to the systems DNA, rRNA coding to be effective for the unique system?  These and other are recorder in our controversial notes for future discussions after the series.

On the NMR side of the CSF we separated the elements from the molecules since the elements have NMR data.  The rRNA (ribosomal RNA is of interest since they are of interests to proteins in the human chemical warehouse and are easily bonded with up to a few hundred different type of proteins.  Proteins consists of linear polymers usually build from the 20 different L-Q amino acids know today. Amino acids are grouped as Hydrogen Atom (H), a Carboxl Group (-COOH), a Amino Group (-NH)  and a Variable Group of the known 20 amino acids which determines the uniqueness of the bonds.  The sequence of the amino acids in the chemical chain determines the protein's structure.  The basic elements in the CSF are given in Table 5.2 with their NMR characteristics.

Table 5.2   The CSF Elements

The Magnet Resonance Frequency of the molecules will vary depending on several parameters and become difficult to standardize since anything linked to or transferred from will change the structure and change the resonance frequency.  This will be an interesting research discussion when we get into the actual molecular resonance of these structures.  To study more about proteins and rRNA, two of the links are listed as follows,  and   and

The extremely brief introduction of the human anatomy and the energy producing electro-chemical closed system which presents some of the complexities of the chemical and physical interactions of the human system opens many more questions than answers emphasizes the importance of communication and the interface methodology of the human system, as for that any closed active system.   Presenting an overview on complex closed systems is always a challenge.  Identifying the operation constraints are always a challenge, especially for closed loop systems with many functional parts.  For the automotive industry today there are over a dozen micro controllers that handle many of the functions independently then send just a pass/fail signal to the main controller.  IT appears the human anatomy has only one central controller, the brain, or it appears that way since the total understanding of the CFS and CNS are still being analyzed and open for discussion.

To research the interface characteristics of the human chemical system to electro-chemical and electro-magnetic waves and frequencies to help bring it to its full balance potential opens new avenues to existing and future technology to increase the human life span allowing the accumulation of a deeper understanding of how we exists and function.

Closed Loop System Characterization Summary:
Closed Loop Systems as we stated is a career in itself.  With just the non-technical overview of the current knowledge of the human anatomy it is easy to see the complexity.  Adding the uncertainty of chemical reactions that are available to a closed system that is capable of creating molecules, recombining molecules as well as "anti-bodies" that will destroy if possible intruders that try to take over the balanced system for any function of the closed system just shows the complexity.  Below is a summary of the parameters used to characterize a closed loop system with some reference to the human anatomy closed system.  As we stated this is only the parameters considered to control the blood flow in the human anatomy closed system.  

To clarify some of the control parameters to the human anatomy we look at Figure 5.1 The Human Blood Vessel System shows the blood flows in the artery and out through the vein.  The common mode rejection ration would be the ability of the system to discern the difference of the quality of the blood from the artery to the vein since they flow in with "good blood" and return with blood for reprocessing.  At some point there is a filtration action and the system discerns what to keep and return to the system and what to excrete.  The ability to discern and continue to add filtered blood back to the system is what will effect the other parameters that are instrumental in balancing the full system.

In chemistry there are radicals that are instrumental in forming molecules in the human system.  These radicals are known to be there however when the attempt to measure or isolate them they change form and may react differently when added to other chemicals in a controlled lab environment.  There have been some headway in identifying radicals since the 1970's with the advancement of IR, ESR (Electron Spin Resonance) similar to NMR that also spins the sample, however the stimulus is focused on the spin and not the atomic nuclei.  ESR is useful for studying radicals in organic chemistry which have a short lifetime and influence the stability of the system similar to a short impulse of tap to a mechanical system.  This sill be presented as the series moves forward.  

The next part of the series is to understand the electro-chemical interaction of the elements and molecules within this closed system and the fact that they interact with the control parameters to stablize the life support mechanism within the entire network of connections.  In the Closed Loop Engineering arena the term Capture Range, Feedback and Common Mode Rejection Ration are al interactive.  

Those that have lost the cerebrospinal fluid from spinal cord injury have lost all motor functionality generally from the neck down.  Even after the break has been sealed the fluid is not replaced by the brain as it is in a functioning spinal cord.  This is interesting to note for future reference.  A question to research for a later discussion, once the spinal fluid is lost from a traumatic spinal cord injury and all the motor functions are halted, what would be required for the body to regenerate this CSF if the spinal cord is resealed and the break is repaired ?  Is the CNS capable of restoring the connection to the Spinal Cord.

Some questions to add to the discussion folder for later are:  How does our memory system really function?  Is the brains pathways a memory system or a controller directing information flow?  Just how large is our memory storage capability and where is it located?  There are many more questions than answers in this series at this time frame being just an introduction and simple overview.

A lot has been stated throughout the Internet that there are healing frequencies that if we subject the body to the body will heal itself.  Earlier we discussed body organs each having a separate resonance frequency that is also different for every living being on the planet.  There are both healing or life support frequencies for every living creature on this planet and well as the vegetation just as there are destructive frequencies.  There are radiation waves, audio wave both are capable of producing unique resonance frequencies that will have influence on the human body.  These will be presented as the series moves forward with some simple experiments as well.

As the series progresses the author, Sal Tuzzo will be available for discussion through the BASIL Networks Contact Form for those that want to apply this series to conduct their own research.  The Author is always be appreciative for the private comments sent through the contact form for suggestions and advice during the development of this series.

Wave_Index Quick Links

The books in these references are my Northeastern University college of engineering text books except for the Ultra-High-Frequency Techniques, that was a gift from a colleague.

Ultra - High - Frequency Techniques (1942  D. Van Nostrand Company)
    J.G. Brainerd,  Professor EE Univ. of Pennsylvania
    Glenn Koehler, Assistant Prof. EE Univ Wisconsin 
    Herbert J. Reigh,  Prof. EE Univ. Illinois
    L.F. Woodruff, Assoc Prof. EE  MIT Massachusetts

Wave Propagation and Antennas (1958 Library of Congress: 58-9431) by George B. Welch Professor of Physics Northeastern University and Professor Hollis S. Baird whom I have had the honor of being one of his students.
Basic Microwaves (1966 Library of Congress: 65-16814) Bernard Berkowitz
Physics (1966 -ISBN: 0 471 71715 0) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part I
Physics (1960 -Library of Congress: 62-15336) ) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part II
Fundamentals of Physics  Revised Printing (1974 ISBN 0471-34431-1) Robert Resnic and David Halliday
Signals in Linear Circuits (1974 ISBN 0-395-16971-2) Jose B. Cruz and M.E. Van Vlakenburg

Wikipedia - On-Line Knowledge Center

Medical / Chemistry Internet References:
Dehydration Synthesis:  
Protein Geometry  
Proteins and Components
Electro-Chemistry Basics

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