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28 Aug, 2020

Part-4 Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Human Body Electro-Chemistry

Part 4: Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation - Theory and Practice
Some Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Basics and  Electro-Chemistry Relationships

"A few observations and much reasoning lead to error; many observations and a little reasoning lead to truth." - Alexis Carrel (June 28, 1873,  November 5, 1944 )

Wave_Index Quick Links

Updated - November 17, 2020

Quick review to set the atmosphere for Part 4:
In Part-1,2 &3 we discussed the wavelength with respect to frequency and referenced to the speed of light, Lambda=f/cwhich always raise the questions why the speed of light and in that case what is the speed of light?  To start the speed of light is a reference that has been observed in a created vacuum of the time it takes a laser beam to travel one second referenced to a 1 meter distance.  The actual derived number for the speed of light is 2.99792458 108  meters/second.  OK does that number hold true in space?  Again another controversy added to the table.  For the time being if we make this a constant, we will have the ability to change it to a variable later.  We will use this to discuss the Electromagnetic (EM) radiation phenomenon being propagated to better understand some of the parameters that determine distance the EM wave travels before it dissipates in to a non measurable entity with the instrumentation we currently have available to the public.  To repeat the foundations we are using to explain these radiation phenomenon are based on observations of which the core root has yet to be defined with any verification other than the fact of a stimulus/response experiment an a set of mathematical representation of the experiment within the boundaries of the atmosphere it resides.

Also presented was the frequency allocated spectrum that is compartmentalized into groups of frequencies call bands like the FM Radio BAND of 88MHz-108 MHz have been created over the years until it was realized that a standard band allocation has to be created to maintain some form of communications for growth.  So now we have a mechanism to relate the wavelength to frequency and band.  Any frequency may be represented with an associated wavelength in meters, however a band has to have a width assigned to it as the FM radio band.  The FM band falls inside the VHF band (10m to 1m)  and the actual FM band is (c/88MHz to c/108MHz) meters = 3.44 meters to 2.77 meters.

Also discussed is the Inverse-Square Law of radiant energy from a source (GM) as defined by Equation 1.0 below.  As we see the radiant energy is reduced by the Inverse-Square of the distance from the source.

alt alt  Equation 1.0 Intensity at surface of sphere at Radius R

In Part-2 we presented the Earth's magnetic field theory that is widely accepted is created from the Earth's rotation around a tilted axis of 23.5º of just short of 24 hours.  Looking at the earth as a floating cement mixer around the sun, the core is constantly mixing the molten core that mixes dissimilar materials that easily create an electrical charge and from the observations of Coulombs law that creates an electromagnetic field.  Since all matter including this matter called life forms are surrounded by this oscillating magnetic field it would appear that there would be some type of influence on all matter as well.   The issues being addressed in this series is to be able to actually measure it and to be able to analyse the true effects of this radiant energy to the life forms on the planet.

Part 3 shows that EM fields without doubt have an effect on the molecular structure and are easily interfered with that will change their magnetic balance.  What we want to cover in this series is that unique effect of  radiated energy and the effect it has on not just our environment but every living cell on the planet.  This will take a few part to cover with scientific validity.  What is interesting is there is no information or reports on the long term effect of these radiated energies and the illnesses they may cause to the human body as well as the planets magnetic fields.  

We also addressed the Electromagnetic (EM) field and the proton in its idle or natural state with a torque represented as Tp = μ altSinalt as well as what happens when the proton is presented with an external magnetic field and what it takes to return to its natural state.  This concept we will be addressing in more detail that will raise many questions to both professional and beginner.  The NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) methodology is placing an induced oscillating magnetic field orthogonal to the steady state magnetic field and monitoring the energy being absorbed.  This peaks out when the nuclei is at resonance with its spin and is absorbed by the steady state field.  

Authors Note:
Electromagnetic EM wave phenomenon  is the easiest subject to springboard off on a tangent while attempting to get to the root of the subject matter, only to be mentally exhausted and many times end in the same place started.  As the series moves forward we will represent EM waves mathematically only to the pint it becomes applicable to our intent of the series.  Some analysis will require linear algebra, analytical geometry and integral calculus to represent the wave phenomenon.   The objective of this series is to present EM wave phenomenon's interaction with other forces on this planet and the habitants therein.  The place that was selected to start is the planet Earth since our very existence resides on this planet Earth so what better place to start.  Understanding what has been an "experimental" exercise for the past couple of thousand years on our magnetic fields and Earth's magnetic radiation fields only tells us that we need to dig deeper.
Enjoy the series - Sal Tuzzo

What we want to cover in Part 4:

The continuation of Part-3 with the frequency, magnetic field strength element and molecular interaction.

The different EM fields and the variation of resonance frequency from the Larmor Frequency theory.

This is where we analyze the basics of EM wave interaction and how frequency and EM field strength interact to give a clear view of how this interacts with the molecules.  

Create a table of Isotopes, the magnetic moments, several magnetic field strengths and the associated magnetic resonant frequencies for each element.

This is worth repeating as well - The amount of scattered information on the Internet is overwhelming for any subject matter such that one could get lost just looking at content and easily loose focus on the intent of their initial search.  The issue of a infinite information library is not only where to start and more important, what is the expected results one is searching to find.  We will on occasion place a reminder on the expectations of this blog series in order to stay focused, "Author included".  The expectations for this series are to understand "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation", the effects of radiated EM waves on materials in the waves path, frequency resonance of propagated waves influence on biological entities with respect to the Earth's radiations system.

Since this is an educational blog the intent is to cover the "boring" foundations from the recorded beginning to where we stand present day on this "Wave Phenomenon, Antennas and Radiation"   There are many physicists world wide discovering new applications as well as the home brew self educated innovators researching this "field" phenomenon which is still an experimental fact without an origin.

Lets Get Started

Questions & Answers
It only took a few days for the questions to come in from Part-1.  Some of the questions are a bit out of the sequence that we want to present, so we will try and keep this from running off to deep space and follow the learning progression to be able to connect all the dots.  All questions will be answered as we enter the sections they pertain to.  At this time we are still in the basic settings for the series.  

Q.  Is this blog sponsored by any company, manufacture or private investor?
A.  The answer is No this blog is not sponsored by any company, manufacturer or private investor.  When this Blog was started there were a couple that wanted to sponsor us, however because of the nature of the material it was decided that scientific facts that are easily vetted and researched to prove their validity is the main educational function of this blog.  This fact became more important than being directed on what may or may not be printed.   

Q.  How does BASIL Networks handle privacy in their contracts?
A.  What contracts? - OK, depending on the security required there are no contracts, as for standard NDA's all information defaults to a proprietary keep private level until written authorization is submitted by the authorities of the information, otherwise there is no information.  BASIL Networks, follows all government DOD documentation guidelines and encrypted.

Remaining  questions For this part we will be held off for the following preventions.

Setting The Atmosphere for Part 4 of the Series
Setting the atmosphere for each part of this series is a challenge since it encompasses several disciplines of engineering technologies and encourages linking the interactions of these multiple disciplines.  Every part of this series brings us closer to a full picture of just how important a balance of energy is to our longevity as a species as well as the atmospheric bubble we reside in.  As we stated earlier in the series the Earth is like a big cement mixer generating magnetic fields around the planet as its core is constantly mixed as the Earth rotates.  Multiple frequencies are generated and combined creating a fundamental resonant frequency from all the combined energies.  

One of the more difficult aspects of research engineering is being able to separate the parameters and variables to form a solid analysis.  Understanding the variables for complex entities is one area many approaches fail mainly due to the fact that many of the parameters are isolated from the initial setup and the stimulus/response is now only for a unique set of conditions.  When dealing with the human life system there are many parameters  and variables as there are elements in the periodic table which all have the ability to combined with many different stimuli and have very different multiple responses on the human biological system.  All of these parameters and variables must be taken into consideration when presenting stimulus / response of EM fields and their effects.  As with all research the temptation of narrowing down the stimulus / response to obtain a given result creates the opportunity of creating tomorrows problems.

For this series the decision was made to research this Wave phenomenon from the ground up, presenting an overview of the basics of the fields required to present a core of the interaction of the variables and the parameters involved prior to setting up any real experiments for discussion.  This will without doubt take several parts to complete and it is recommended that the readers do some research on their own with the references available in each part to validate the information presented and get more comfortable with critical thinking in order to insure there will always be questions to ask and answers to be researched.  Answers to research comes from more observations than from discussions, therefore rely on the researchers that have experimental factual data.  Education is not a task it is an adventure into the unknown to understand that the dimensions of the mind are endless only to ones visions.   "If you wish to understand the universe, think of energy, frequency and vibration." - Nikola Tesla.

Some System Engineering Basics: Capture Range
A fair statement for the planet Earth we reside on for our species is :"All matter has some type of "constraint" applied to it".  Ok, that is quite a statement so lets look at this for some solid examples to test the statement.  Since we are discussing chemistry, radiation and magnetic fields, lets look at the human body since we all have one.alt

To start with some basic scientific and engineering concepts; all systems have what is called a capture range, that is the range that a given system has defined effective limits of operation for a given efficiency.  The human body internal functions have several capture ranges and appear to be isolated in many ways, however in reality are all part of the same system and information is transferred to/from the individual sections.  The human body as a closed system has external sensors to relate environmental surrounding, Sight, Smell, Hearing, Touch and taste are the basic five sensors that connect to a central nervous system and control center, the brain.  These chemical sensors are not much different in operation than their similar silicon sensors used today connected to some type of central processor which is still at the basic artificial level of intelligence.  The main difference from AI (Artificial Intelligence) to Human Intelligence not just the fact that one is chemical and the other is silicon, is the AI machine will only perform what it is parts allow it to do as the gears in a clock cannot change the clock mechanism or the way it controls time.  The human system is flexible and has many options to change the way the system performs functions.  Another capture range example is the human body's Ph (acid level) which is maintained at 7.4 +/- 0.04 and is a chemical process that is addressed in this part.  The remaining sensors that separate human from machine are spirit and will which drives the foundation of intuition, emotions and effects the chemistry of the biological stability and efficiency.

OK, the internal organs of the human body also serve a purpose for the stability of the human system's balance in order to function efficiently within the designed capture range of each organ.  The capture ranges of the human system external sensors to name a couple: Human sight is limited to the visible spectrum (430 THz to 790 THz (700nm to 400nm) ), touch is both pressure and temperature limited, the average body temperature is 37°C 98.6°F and it has a very small capture range (+/-2°F) before the body chemistry effects the other sensors.  Depending on the location on earth we will either freeze or slow bake and eventually cease to function  if the environmental temperature range (4°C (39°F) to about 40°C(104°G) where the body requires higher energy for its internal temperature control mechanism to maintain its internal temperature capture range to function at some level of efficiency.  OK, factors that slow the thermal equilibrium process for humans are layered clothes as a thermal barrier, however as with all mass thermal equilibrium is inevitable as time passes.  

Human will and spirit drive Intellect to find a safer environment to reduce the amount of energy expanded.   The human body takes into consideration several parameters that obtain information for the five main sensors, these are:  Physical body heat: hot and cold and exposed to water,  If the body temperature reaches 107, it is generally fatal. if the body temperature is forced to go below 90 from being in cold water (35°F) for more than 30 minutes or less can also be fatal.  The human body requires both liquid and solid food consumption to maintain stability and that is just the basic environmental  part of the human system.  The above paragraph is part of the standard and extreme field training survival course for those that want to know more about it.

As we see capture ranges apply to all systems including our Internet of Things Core Platform we are developing as well be it mechanical, silicon or life forms.  So what does this all mean?  Conceptually if we are able to identify and model the limits of a system we will be able to understand what our environmental limits have to be in order to maintain efficient stable safe functionality.

Human Body Isotopes
Resonance Frequency Effects
Resonance is a entity that we will be addressing in all aspects of this series as well as the IoT Core Platform series.  All matter and waves that reside in a closed system encompasses resonance at some point as it continues to reside in the closed system.  In our Earths environment as it rotates on its axis tilted 23.5° the core is in a continuous mixing state creating multiple electrical charges along with its associated Electromagnetic fields, all mixing together, some canceling each other out some adding to create a larger field while others just passing through with an end result of multiple field oscillations with different vibration amplitudes generating different energy levels all around us.

As we states earlier the human body is a remarkable design regardless of one's belief structure.  From our previous presentations by definition of the mass and position, every organ in the body has its own fundamental resonance frequency, being of a different physical size and molecular makeup as well as performing unique functions to assist in the effective stability of the closed system.  What makes this so remarkable is the chemistry of the human biological makeup of which we are just beginning to understand some of the basics of how it may work, that being said we will keep this to the fundamentals we know exists by experimental fact and the theorems that explain them in this basic overview.

If we look at the human system from an engineering point of view we get a functional block diagram of sensors and thermal regulators with some type of distribution system as shown in Figure 4.0 below.  The human body is an Electro-Chemical system that is self regulating that maintains on average 25 watts of power for a normal system.  For our research the power also has a magnetic field(s) associated with it that is measurable with today's technology.

Figure 4.0 Functional Block Diagram Of The Human Body Closed Loop Venous System

The diagram referenced to Wikipedia shows the elements percentages that are present in the human body.  These are the elements that we will be referencing throughout this series and their magnetic resonance frequencies at various electromagnetic field radiation levels and their effects at various frequencies and so on.   To get a feel for the basics of body chemistry Table 4.0 below shows a few of the elements from the periodic table of elements that are found in the human body as well as many of the other life forms on this planet. Since we are compiling a set of stimulus / responses of molecules we have not combined any of the separate elements to form complex molecular structures in the body at this time.  This separated list of elements is to be comfortable understanding the variety of individual elements in the human body and that they actually do combined via the body's chemical processes to form various complex structures that found in the bloods plasma which as we stated is the transport highway to all the organs and other system elements to sustain a stable efficient system that operates within the capture range it has been designed to operate.

Table 4.0  Selected Known Elements In The Human Body

There are two measurements for these elements, the Percent of Mass and the percent of Atomic levels that make up the human system.  Considering that all the atomic elements within the human biological system all have the capability of combining under different types of stimulus shows a very basic level of the complexity of the system and how it is capable of stabilizing or destroying itself pending on the combination of elements.

There are several more elements that have been researched within the human body that keep it functioning efficiently within the capture range of the biological system.  Our intent here is to address the EM (Electromagnetic) radiation that already exists in the human system that is required to maintain the 25 watt average energy level that the system seems to always exists 24/7.

So, from the last part we understand that the elements protons are effected by magnetic forces and we have listed a few of the main elements found in the human system.  The green are those elements that have greater or equal to 0.1% and the amber are those of less than 0.1%.  There are many more than shown in table 4.0 that we will use to present the concepts of magnetic effect.  From the continuation of  Part 3 NMR reference of Periodic Table of Elements along with the addition of the human body and AIR composition the ExelFileExcel  spreadsheet is available for downloading for reference throughout the remaining of this series.

The full list with several magnetic fields in an ExcslFileExcel spreadsheet form and is a very large format list that includes all but a few of the Periodic Table of Elements and a separate spreadsheet for just the known elements within the human body.

EM Fields Disruption of Molecules
Ok, for those that stated the obvious in part 2, what are you covering the Earths magnetic field in chemistry?  The connection will become clear as we discuss radiant magnetic energy that actually move molecules and the protons that are influenced by these magnetic waves.  There are many contributions to the balance of life energy, OK, this is not a meditation session, however all are related, maybe later in the series when we get through the basics.  Since we have expressed in the previous part that magnetic fields and protons are directly related and hold some type of charge for each element in the periodic table presents the complexity of the magnitude that various combinations of the elements and the possible unique molecules that are possible to formed.

Even though chemistry falls under a process to combined elements, it is not as exact as good old boolean logic or computer algorithm laws of stimulus and response of ones and zeros or on/off logic.  In chemistry especially within the human body there are many more variables that have the ability to alter the desired result both short and long term.  Adding to that phenomenon the fact that we still have yet to detail the core of magnetism and the EM wave; our theory to define this wave phenomenon is a simple stimulus and response with some mathematical representation of the experiment and only in the earths atmosphere along with a constant fudge factor to make it all work.  Hence; our classical physics models which we will still apply to the phenomenon to show some relative magnitudes of radiation and frequencies that will effect the body chemistry, that is until they are completely conflicting with classical physics, at which point we will add them to the list of controversies to create another experimental set of mathematical expressions.

AIR: The Atmosphere of Earth Composition
OK, This is not a hot air series Cool , however "AIR"  does play a roll in our presentation since Wireless Communications is applied radiated energy to transfer information.  We breath this AIR 24/7 since it is a fundamental catalyst that sustains life on this planet and life would cease to exist for our species without it inside Earth's atmospheric bubble.  

What is interesting about the atmosphere is not only that EM fields are carried by the air they also tend to have an effect on the rate and distance the EM wave travels defined by the Inverse-Square Law effect presented in Parts 1 & 2.  So, when we study these gasses we see that they all have a Magnetic Susceptibility factor which is the amount of magnetic energy M (Magnetic Moment) that will become part of the element when exposed to a given magnetic field H.   This just adds to the presentation of NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) we presented in previous parts of this series.

Table 4.1  Composition of Gasses in the Atmosphere of Earth (AIR)

How The Body Processes Air to Maintain Its Ph Balance
As we stated before the radiated ElectroMagnetic fields effects just seems to be connected to every part of our life support system, not just from the Earth's EM fields but also all the radiated energy from all the antennas around the planet and the various frequencies and power levels that our species are subject to continually.  

Some Definitions- A quick refresh from previous parts.:

OK, for the Ph relationship to actual electric potential volts to Ph will show just how complex the body functions to stabilize itself from the "AIR" intake.  Ph is defined from the Nernst Equation reaction equation and is represented as:

Lets move forward with the chemistry basics of the series and cover how the body processes this AIR and how the processes results reaches every organ in our system.  The mechanism of processing the AIR in the human body is a bit complex as to how and especially what it supplies to all the organs in the human body, however it is well known at this time that the body's Ph is so tightly controlled to insure that all the organs are referenced to a base level.  The beginning of complexity of this research paper on the effects of radiation at the element and isotope level so lets attempt to keep that in mind.  Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) is a field of study within itself as most specialized disciplines are, so if you are interested to learn more about this process the links Arterial Blood-Gas (ABG) and Henderson-Hasselbalch analysis, Pulmonary Circulation would be a good places to start.

ABG (Arterial Blood-Gas) analysis is the ratio of the Blood Ph and the Blood Gas Concentration which is the main function of the respiration system process.   As the blood circulates through the lungs it is passes through a fine network of very small blood vessels at the base of each lung.  These vessels are surrounded by many small sacs containing air, AKA Alveoli separated from the blood vessels by a membrane where the oxygen and carbon dioxide may diffuse.  The Oxygen diffuses into the blood from the membrane which then is carried in the veins to the various organs and systems control functions where it is consumed as fuel for the metabolic processes.  The acidity of the blood, the Blood Ph, and the concentration of Oxygen and Carbon dioxide dissolved for normal system operation levels are maintained within very narrow limits.

So, what makes the process difficult to predict what these magnetic effects will have of different metabolic systems is that fact that everyone has a unique DNA/RNA that make up the blood as a whole and in the vent of respiratory contaminations the process is disrupted and the blood gas levels are distorted.  That is only the beginning, other blood reproduction processes that match the DNA and other antigens (plasma) perfectly and then added as fresh blood and plasma to the veins.  If the process is disrupted in any way the results of that disruption may vary many different ways making the resultant effect difficult at least to predict.  How each metabolism and organ will respond to disruptions is one of the studies for this paper.

Most of the Carbon Dioxide in the blood is transported as bicarbonate (HCO3) which is in for form of Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) as part of the Blood Plasma along with Potassium Bicarbonate (KHCO3) in the red cells.  This process is combined with proteins and some is reversed with the plasma water content to form Carbonic Acid  (H2CO3).

(Carbon Dioxide + Water) = Image_CarbonicAcid = (Carbonic Acid)

The normal ABG to Ph level and the ration of ABG to Carbon Dioxide is referenced to a Ph capture range of  7.36 to  7.44.  The bloods acid balance is maintained by the ration of Bicarbonate acid (Base) and the Carbonic Acid (Acid ), hence: Ph = pK + Log [Bicarbonate] / [Carbonic Acid].  This is known as the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation.  pK  represents a constant of 6.1 for normal blood based on p Group five types P1, P2, Pk1, Pk2 and p antigens and the dissociation of carbonic acid into its ionic compounds by analysis.  Since Acids give off Positive charged Hydrogen ions and the Bicarbonate carries a negative charge the balance of these two combined determines the Ph of the Blood.  There are other parameters such as the atmosphere pressure and the temperature and the Oxygen levels of the blood which are factored in during the preparation of the sample for testing.

This is a brief introduction to the subject of Acid/Base metabolism and Blood Gas regulation for the purpose of investigation the magnetic effects of a system with multiple elements in a biological system since these contributing gasses and molecules are subject to magnetic effects.  We will address this later in the series, for now we are just getting an overview of the basics to show that there is an ElectroMagnetic influence of all body functions.

Resonant Frequency And Human Organs
OK, this is not a refresher on Anatomy 101, however it does contribute to the series since we are researching the effects of EM radiated energy on the human body.  At the time of this writing there are 78 defined organs in the human body and depending who is defining what an organ really is, there are several more added to the list which is fine since we are researching the chemical isotopes in the body and their interaction to radiated energy and pressure vibrations.  The parameters we are interested in for this series is how many functions each organ performs in the human body, the biological size, weight of its construction, the chemical isotopes contribution to its functioning and what parts of the blood plasma feed these organs through the venous blood.  That is a lot to present and does require a bit of study to put this all in perspective.

There is much to learn about the organs of the body as research continues to uncover new information about the human body.  There are several research groups globally researching many of these subjects.  Our studies here will be on the root of the molecules that make up many of the organs and the known vetted facts about each organs composition and its response to various EM radiation as well as VLF (Very Low Frequency) pressure waves.   To give a small reference we look at the brain, the larger of all the organs as well as the one that contains the most fat tissue.

The four Brain Wave frequencies that have been vetted over time as well as creating a business market for devices that incorporate these frequencies to assist the user to mentally control the state of their nervous system.  It is no magic that these waves fall inside the Earths fundamental frequencies and by resonance theory alone should have some type of  effect on the human system.

So just from the basic introduction we see that the resonance of the elements and the molecules they create within the human body is quite complex especially balancing all the organs the blood supplies to them with every breath.  The main reason this project needs to give a simple overview first before we dive into the complexity of multiple disciplines to continue the series.  By this time we should have an idea that the human metabolism is not only a chemical system but also reacts to both electrical and magnetic stimuli or in that fact any resonant vibrations that will connect with the elements that are found with its system.  The series in order to stay focused of its object selected organs from the most influential to the least that are known at this time in the human system will be researched for their responses to EM radiated fields and the frequency bands in question.

For convenience the spreadsheet contains several sheets for this series for reference including NMR Tables for Periodic Table of Elements, Human Body Elements, AIR Composition as we move forward.

As the series progresses the author, Sal Tuzzo will be available for discussion through the BASIL Networks Contact Form for those that want to apply this series to conduct their own experiments, "NOT INCLUDING HUMAN LIVE EXPERIMENTS".

The Author is always be appreciative for the private comments sent through the contact form for suggestions and advice during the development of this series.  This is a growing opportunity for everyone entering into RF product development arena as well as a great review for us "well seasoned" in the field to just refresh our human DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory).

It is recommended for those that have specific questions on the series to use the BASIL Networks Contact Form to separate them from getting lost in the general comments for each blog presentation.  For all specific design request or contracts please feel free to contact us.

Part 5 will continue with this discussion on the elements in the human body presenting the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), the connection to the brain and the elements within the spinal fluid and more.

Wave_Index Quick Links


What is Blood Gas Analysis

alt NMR-HumanBodyElements-MagneticField_FrequenctResonance-Table.xlsx  NMR Tables for Periodic Table of Elements, Human Body Elements, AIR Composition

Blood Gas Analysis  - Clinical Programmed Measurements Course - Authors Class Notes 1974


The books in these references are my Northeastern University college of engineering text books except for the Ultra-High-Frequency Techniques, that was a gift from a colleague.

Ultra - High - Frequency Techniques (1942  D. Van Nostrand Company)
    J.G. Brainerd,  Professor EE Univ. of Pennsylvania
    Glenn Koehler, Assistant Prof. EE Univ Wisconsin 
    Herbert J. Reigh,  Prof. EE Univ. Illinois
    L.F. Woodruff, Assoc Prof. EE  MIT Massachusetts

Wave Propagation and Antennas (1958 Library of Congress: 58-9431) by George B. Welch Professor of Physics Northeastern University and Professor Hollis S. Baird whom I have had the honor of being one of his students.
Basic Microwaves (1966 Library of Congress: 65-16814) Bernard Berkowitz
Physics (1966 -ISBN: 0 471 71715 0) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part I
Physics (1960 -Library of Congress: 62-15336) ) Robert Resnic and David Halliday Part II
Fundamentals of Physics  Revised Printing (1974 ISBN 0471-34431-1) Robert Resnic and David Halliday
Signals in Linear Circuits (1974 ISBN 0-395-16971-2) Jose B. Cruz and M.E. Van Vlakenburg

Wikipedia - On-Line Knowledge Center

Publishing this series on a website or reprinting is authorized by displaying the following, including the hyperlink to BASIL Networks, PLLC either at the beginning or end of each part.
BASIL Networks, PLLC - Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation Part-4 Electromagnetic Radiation - Human Body Electro-Chemistry Relationships - More basics for the series: (August 29, 2020)

For Website Link: cut and past this code:

<p><a href="" target="_blank"> BASIL Networks, PLLC - Wave Phenomenon, Antennas & Radiation Part-4 Electromagnetic Radiation and Electro-Chemistry Realtionships: <i>Aug 28, 2020 )</i></a></p>



Sal (JT) Tuzzo - Founder CEO/CTO BASIL Networks, PLLC.
Sal may be contacted directly through this sites Contact Form or
through LinkedIn

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